Operon dynamics with state dependent transcription and/or translation delays
Humphries, Antony R.
Mackey, Michael C.
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Transcription and translation retrieve and operationalize gene encoded information in cells. These processes are not instantaneous and incur significant delays. In this paper we study Goodwin models of both inducible and repressible operons with state-dependent delays. The paper provides justification and derivation of the model, detailed analysis of the appropriate setting of the corresponding dynamical system, and extensive numerical analysis of its dynamics. Comparison with constant delay models shows significant differences in dynamics that include existence of stable periodic orbits in inducible systems and multistability in repressible systems. A combination of parameter space exploration, numerics, analysis of steady state linearization and bifurcation theory indicates the likely presence of Shilnikov-type homoclinic bifurcations in the repressible operon model.
Gedeon, T., Humphries, A. R., Mackey, M. C., Walther, H. O., & Wang, Z. (2022). Operon dynamics with state dependent transcription and/or translation delays. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 84(1), 1-74.