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dc.contributor.authorHood, Audrey V. B.
dc.contributor.authorCharbonneau, Brooke
dc.contributor.authorHutchison, Keith A.
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-27T18:18:16Z
dc.date.available2023-01-27T18:18:16Z
dc.date.issued2022-12
dc.identifier.citationHood, A. V., Charbonneau, B., & Hutchison, K. A. (2022). Once established, goal reminders provide long-lasting and cumulative benefits for lower working memory capacity individuals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1939-1285
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/17655
dc.description© American Psychological Association, 2022-12-01. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0001185en_US
dc.description.abstractPrevious research has shown that Stroop effects interact with working memory capacity (WMC) more strongly with lists of mostly congruent items. Although the predominant explanation for this relationship is goal maintenance, some research has challenged whether listwide effects truly reflect goal-maintenance abilities. The current study improved upon previous methodology by using both within-subject and between-subjects manipulations of goal reminder, increasing both the number of trials between reminders and the total length of the task to allow for greater goal neglect, and more precisely maintaining congruency proportion within each block. Participants completed the Automated Operation Span followed by a Stroop task in which they stopped every 24 trials to vocalize either a goal-reminder statement (“name the color not the word”) or a nongoal statement (“This is part of my intro to psychology class”). In the within-subject manipulation (Experiment 1), there was no consistent benefit for goal reminders over nongoal statements. However, in the between-subjects manipulation (Experiment 2), results demonstrated a strong benefit of goal reminders, such that goal reminders eliminated the relation between WMC and Stroop effects, whereas that relation was robust following nongoal statements. Moreover, the benefit of receiving goal reminders lasted for at least 24 trials and accumulated across the course of the experiment. These data provide strong evidence that goal reminders eliminate the relationship between WMC and Stroop errors and suggest goal reminders can be a useful intervention for those suffering from lapses in controlled attention. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen_US
dc.rightscopyright American Psychological Association 2022en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://web.archive.org/web/20200106214724/http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/resources/internet-posting-guidelines.aspxen_US
dc.subjectcognitive controlen_US
dc.subjectStroop interferenceen_US
dc.subjectgoal neglecten_US
dc.subjectworking memory capacityen_US
dc.titleOnce established, goal reminders provide long-lasting and cumulative benefits for lower working memory capacity individuals.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpage1en_US
mus.citation.extentlastpage50en_US
mus.citation.issue12en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognitionen_US
mus.citation.volume48en_US
mus.identifier.doi10.1037/xlm0001185en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.departmentPsychology.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US


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