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dc.contributor.authorDittemore, Clare M.
dc.contributor.authorTyers, Daniel B.
dc.contributor.authorWeaver, David K.
dc.contributor.authorNunlist, Erika A.
dc.contributor.authorSowell, Bok F.
dc.contributor.authorPeterson, Erik
dc.contributor.authorPeterson, Robert K. D.
dc.identifier.citationClare M Dittemore, Daniel B Tyers, David K Weaver, Erika A Nunlist, Bok F Sowell, Erik Peterson, Robert K D Peterson, Using Stable Isotopes to Determine Natal Origin and Feeding Habits of the Army Cutworm Moth, Euxoa auxiliaris (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Environmental Entomology, 2023;, nvad006,
dc.description.abstractThe army cutworm, Euxoa auxiliaris (Grote), is a migratory noctuid that is both an agricultural pest and an important late-season food source for grizzly bears, Ursus arctos horribilis (Linnaeus, Carnivora: Ursidae), within the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Beyond the confirmation of the moths’ seasonal, elevational migration in the mid-1900s, little else has been documented about their migratory patterns. To address this missing ecological component, we examined (1) migratory routes during their spring and fall migratory periods throughout their natal range, the Great Plains, and (2) natal origin at two of their summering ranges using stable hydrogen (δ2H) analyses of wings from samples collected within the areas of interest. Stable carbon (δ13C) and stable nitrogen (δ15N) analyses of wings were used to evaluate larval feeding habits of the migrants and agricultural intensity of natal origin sites, respectively. Results suggest that, rather than migrating exclusively east to west, army cutworm moths are also migrating north to south during their spring migration. Moths did not exhibit natal origin site fidelity when returning to the Great Plains. Migrants collected from the Absaroka Range had the highest probability of natal origin in Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, the most southern region of the Northwest Territories, and second highest probability of origin in Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho. Migrants collected in the Lewis Range had the highest probability of origin in the same provinces of Canada. Results suggest that migrants of the Absaroka Range fed exclusively on C3 plants as larvae and rarely fed in heavily fertilized agroecosystems.en_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.subjectinsect migrationen_US
dc.subjectgreat plainsen_US
dc.subjectrocky mountainsen_US
dc.titleUsing Stable Isotopes to Determine Natal Origin and Feeding Habits of the Army Cutworm Moth, Euxoa auxiliaris (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleEnvironmental Entomologyen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agricultureen_US
mus.relation.departmentLand Resources & Environmental Sciences.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US

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