Rural implementation of the perioperative surgical home: A case-control study
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BACKGROUND. Perioperative surgical home (PSH) is a novel patient-centric surgical system developed by American Society of Anesthesiologist to improve outcomes and patient satisfaction. PSH has proven success in large urban health centers by reducing surgery cancellation, operating room time, length of stay (LOS), and readmission rates. Yet, only limited studies have assessed the impact of PSH on surgical outcomes in rural areas. AIM. To evaluate the newly implemented PSH system at a community hospital by comparing the surgical outcomes using a longitudinal case-control study. METHODS. The research study was conducted at an 83-bed, licensed level-III trauma rural community hospital. A total of 3096 TJR procedures were collected retrospectively between January 2016 and December 2021 and were categorized as PSH and non-PSH cohorts (n = 2305). To evaluate the importance of PSH in the rural surgical system, a case-control study was performed to compare TJR surgical outcomes (LOS, discharge disposition, and 90-d readmission) of the PSH cohort against two control cohorts [Control-1 PSH (C1-PSH) (n = 1413) and Control-2 PSH (C2-PSH) (n = 892)]. Statistical tests including Chi-square test or Fischer’s exact test were performed for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney test or Student’s t-test were performed for continuous variables. The general linear models (Poisson regression and binomial logistic regression) were performed to fit adjusted models. RESULTS. The LOS was significantly shorter in PSH cohort compared to two control cohorts (median PSH = 34 h, C1-PSH = 53 h, C2-PSH = 35 h) (P value < 0.05). Similarly, the PSH cohort had lower percentages of discharges to other facilities (PSH = 3.5%, C1-PSH = 15.5%, C2-PSH = 6.7%) (P value < 0.05). There was no statistical difference observed in 90-d readmission between control and PSH cohorts. However, the PSH implementation reduced the 90-d readmission percentage (PSH = 4.7%, C1-PSH = 6.1%, C2-PSH = 3.6%) lower than the national average 30-d readmission percentage which is 5.5%. The PSH system was effectively established at the rural community hospital with the help of team-based coordinated multi-disciplinary clinicians or physician co-management. The elements of PSH including preoperative assessment, patient education and optimization, and longitudinal digital engagement were vital for improving the TJR surgical outcomes at the community hospital. CONCLUSION. Implementation of the PSH system in a rural community hospital reduced LOS, increased direct-to-home discharge, and reduced 90-d readmission percentages.
Sridhar, S., Mouat-Hunter, A., & McCrory, B. (2023). Rural implementation of the perioperative surgical home: A case-control study. World journal of orthopedics, 14(3), 123.