Historic trends and sources of year‐over‐year stability in Montana winter wheat yields
Berg, James E.
Correr, Fernando H.
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Producers desire cultivars that consistently perform with high yields and end-use qualities. Unlike easily recognized average yield improvements, yield stability over time is less examined, especially when considering the role of breeding relative to other factors like management and changing climatic conditions. Our study system was a 70-year historical dataset from which we estimated the year-over-year stability of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars released by Montana's Agricultural Experimental Station. We examined yield stability within six locations representing diverse growing conditions across Montana and found no evidence that breeding has improved stability, that stability may be decreasing over time at one location, and that the year-over-year stability of a cultivar is sensitive to location. We examined the role of climatic conditions, including temperature, and rainfall to understand if increased climatic variability was masking improved patterns of stability. However, the lack of impact of breeding remained. These findings suggest that Montana's winter wheat may benefit from selective breeding for increased stability within locations.
Lachowiec, J., Berg, J. E, Liang, M., & Correr, F. H. (2023). Historic trends and sources of year-over-year stability in Montana winter wheat yields. Crop Science, 63, 1257– 1269. https://doi.org/10.1002/csc2.20942