Using the social ecological model to identify challenges facing Latino immigrants
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Background. New Latino immigrant populations face challenges and barriers when arriving in new immigrant destinations. Objective. To better understand the challenges faced by Latino immigrants in a new immigrant destination by using the Social Ecological Model. Design. This study solicited the perceptions of key informants and Latino immigrant participants through qualitative data collection methods to understand how to address and decrease barriers to healthcare services and community resources. Sample. Researchers conducted semi-structured interviews with two groups of respondents: 13 key informants and 30 Latino immigrants. Measurements. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and categorized based on the Social Ecological Model. Results. Themes identified at the individual and interpersonal levels of the Social Ecological Model include fear of deportation and stress. Themes at the community level include cultural differences, discrimination, and a lack of exposure of the majority community to Latino immigrants. At the system level, researchers identified language barriers, the cost of healthcare, and housing. At the policy level, researchers identified legal status and occupational exploitation as challenges for this community. Conclusion. Understanding the challenges faced by Latino immigrants requires multi-level interventions to address barriers that prevent new immigrants from accessing community resources.
Moyce, S., Comey, D., Anderson, J., Creitz, A., Hines, D., & Metcalf, M. (2023). Using the social ecological model to identify challenges facing Latino immigrants. Public Health Nursing, 00, 1– 10. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.13214