Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Mark L. Skidmore.en
dc.contributor.authorMontross, Scott Norman.en
dc.contributor.otherMark Skidmore, Brent C. Christner, Denis Samyn, Jean Louis Tison, Reginald Lorrain, Shawn Doyle and Sean Fitzsimons were co-authors of the article, 'Debris-rich basal ice as a microbial habitat, Taylor Glacier, Antarctica' in the journal 'Journal of geophysical research- biogeosciences' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherMark Skidmore, Brent C. Christner, Shawn Doyle, Jean Louis Tison and Todd Sowers were co-authors of the article, 'Alteration of the composition of air trapped in debris-rich basal ice by in situ microbial respiration at -15°C' in the journal 'Nature geoscience' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherMark Skidmore was a co-author of the article, 'Biogeochemical weathering in debris-laden basal ice from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica' in the journal 'Journal of glaciology' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-25T18:38:00Z
dc.date.available2013-06-25T18:38:00Z
dc.date.issued2012en
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/1895
dc.description.abstractThe thesis addresses a topical and exciting question in cryospheric biology: are microorganisms capable of metabolism in debris-rich basal ice of a polar glacier? The research was carried out on debris-rich basal ice from a cold-based glacier, Taylor Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. A key component of the research was the collection and analysis of large parallel samples of basal ice for analysis of sediment concentration and mineralogy, nutrient and ion chemistry, gas composition, isotopic gas composition, cell density and metabolic activity on individual ~1-2cm thick layers. The primary material for the thesis was from a 4 m high section of basal ice collected from a vertical shaft at the end of a 15m tunnel chainsawed into the northern margin of the Taylor Glacier. Some data was derived from ice samples collected from tunnels 500m upglacier and downglacier from the 2007 tunnel, excavated in 1999 and 2009 respectively. The main research findings presented in this dissertation are that (a) debris-rich basal ice is a viable habitat for microbial life, (b) in situ microbial heterotrophic respiration is a source of CO 2 in debris-rich basal ice, and (c) microbially-mediated weathering of entrained mineral debris is a source of solute in the ice. Geologic debris in basal ice is the key component for microbial activity since it leads to a higher fraction of liquid water in the ice and provides both organic and inorganic substrates to organisms in the ice. Microbial activity in the ice produces isotopic and geochemical signatures that could be used as biomarkers for exploration of other icy systems. The results of the thesis enforce the notion that the debris-rich basal ice environment is a viable microbial habitat that supports life at temperatures below 0°C. This has broader implications at the ice sheet scale since recent discoveries in East Antarctica, indicate significant basal ice up to 1100 m thick with approximately the same volume as the world's fourth largest freshwater lake, Lake Michigan-Huron.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.subject.lcshBiogeochemistry.en
dc.subject.lcshGlaciers Microbiology.en
dc.titleBiogeochemistry of basal ice from Taylor Glacier, Antarctica
dc.typeDissertation
dc.rights.holderCopyright Scott Norman Montross 2012en
thesis.catalog.ckey2076526en
thesis.degree.committeemembersMembers, Graduate Committee: David W. Mogk; James G. Schmitt; John C. Priscuen
thesis.degree.departmentEarth Sciences.en
thesis.degree.genreDissertationen
thesis.degree.namePhDen
thesis.format.extentfirstpage1en
thesis.format.extentlastpage134en
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciences
mus.relation.departmentEarth Sciences.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.data.thumbpage24


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record