Managing Sanitation in Protected Areas: Problems and Challenges in Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park, Nepal
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In this paper, it is argued that four distinct issues have prevented adequate management of toilets, water quality and sanitary conditions in Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park. First, numerous interest groups, both government and non-governmental, have apportioned work requirements and responsibilities for the infrastructural obligations in the park thereby drawing accusation and criticism for unmet needs. Second, there lacks a strong sense of community in several of the densely populated and/or popular tourist sites and therefore these areas are either ill-equipped, do not have the necessary community will or all-together neglect certain public sanitation needs. Third, there is no regulatory body that consistently enforces sanitary rules from the original park management plan. Lastly, various development initiatives in the park have created a cycle of dependency and the expectation that sanitation structures will be built and maintained.
Himalaya (formerly Himalaya Research Bulletin) is a fully open access journal published by the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies. The journal can be found at http://himalayajournal.org/. The journal's archive of issues can be found at http://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/himalaya/.
Lachapelle, Paul (1998) "Managing Sanitation in Protected Areas: Problems and Challenges in Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park, Nepal," Himalaya, the Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies: Vol. 18: No. 1, Article 11. Available at: http://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/himalaya/vol18/iss1/11