Now showing items 1-20 of 4487

    • An analysis of fossil identification guides to improve data reporting in citizen science programs 

      Butler, Dava K.; Esker, Donald A.; Juntunen, Kristopher L.; Lawver, Daniel R. (2020-04)
      An increasing number of organizations use untrained volunteers to gather scientific data. This citizen science movement builds enthusiasm for science by engaging the public, as well as providing a way to gather large amounts ...
    • Montana K-12 Educator Needs Assessment Survey Report 2020 

      Meyerink, Monte; Taylor, Suzi (Montana State University NSF EPSCoR, 2021-09)
      As part of the Education-Outreach-Diversity team for Montana NSF EPSCoR, the Science Math Resource Center (SMRC) in the Montana State University Department of Education sought to encapsulate the professional development ...
    • Optimal surface estimation and thresholding of confocal microscope images of biofilms using Beer's Law 

      Parker, Albert E.; Christen, J. A.; Lorenz, Lindsey A.; Smith, Heidi J. (2020-05)
      Beer's Law explains how light attenuates into thick specimens, including thick biofilms. We use a Bayesian optimality criterion, the maximum of the posterior probability distribution, and computationally efficiently fit ...
    • A new perspective on transient characteristics of quiet stance postural control 

      Reed, Cory A.; Chaudhari, Ajit M. W.; Worthen-Chaudhari, Lise C.; Bigelow, Kimberly E.; Monfort, Scott M. (2020-08)
      Postural control provides insight into health concerns such as fall risk but remains relatively untapped as a vital sign of health. One understudied aspect of postural control involves transient responses within center of ...
    • Daasachchuchik:A Trauma-Informed Approach to Developing a Chronic Illness Self-Management Program for the Apsáalooke People 

      Shure, Mark B.; Allen, Sarah; Trottier, Coleen; McCormick, Alma; Other Medicine, Lucille; Castille, Dorothy; Held, Suzanne C. (2020-05)
      In Montana, American Indians with chronic illnesses (CIs) die 20 years earlier than their White counterparts highlighting an urgent need to develop culturally consonant CI self-management programs. Historical and current ...
    • Fracking and Risky Sexual Activity 

      Cunningham, Scott; DeAngelo, Gregory; Smith, Brock (2020-07)
      This paper examines the impact of the U.S. fracking boom on local STI transmission rates and prostitution activity as measured by online prostitution review counts. We first document significant and robust positive effects ...
    • Are All Four-Day School Weeks Created Equal? A National Assessment of Four-Day School Week Policy Adoption and Implementation 

      Thompson, Paul N.; Gunter, Katherine; Schuna, John M. Jr.; Tomayko, Emily J. (2021-08)
      Four-day school weeks are used in over 1,600 schools across twenty-four states but little is known about adoption and implementation of these types of school calendars. Through examinations of school calendars and ...
    • Maximal Perfect Haplotype Blocks with Wildcards 

      Williams, Lucia; Mumey, Brendan (2020-05)
      Recent work provides the first method to measure the relative fitness of genomic variants within a population that scales to large numbers of genomes. A key component of the computation involves finding maximal perfect ...
    • Light-Driven Permanent Charge Separation across a Hybrid Zero-Dimensional/Two-Dimensional Interface 

      Kriegel, Ilka; Ghini, Michele; Bellani, Sepastiano; Zhang, Kehao; Jansons, Adam W.; Crockett, Brandon M.; Koskela, Kristopher M.; Barnard, Edward S.; Penzo, Erika; Hutchison, James E.; Robinson, Joshua A.; Manna, Liberato; Borys, Nicholas J.; Schuck, P. James (2020-04)
      We report the first demonstration of light-driven permanent charge separation across an ultrathin solid-state zero-dimensional (0D)/2D hybrid interface by coupling photoactive Sn-doped In2O3 nanocrystals with monolayer ...
    • Registration of ‘StandClear CLP’ hard red winter wheat 

      Berg, Jim E.; Kephart, Ken D.; Lamb, Peggy F.; Davis, Edward S.; Eberly, Jed O.; Miller, John H.; Chen, Chengci; Pradhan, G. P.; Torrion, Jessica A.; Ramsfield, Ron; Smith, Vincent H.; Nash, Deanna L.; Holen, Doug L.; Cook, Jason P.; Gale, Sam; Jin, Yue; Chen, X.; Bruckner, Phil L. (2020-06)
      ‘StandClear CLP’ (Reg. no. CV-1162, PI 693236) hard red winter (HRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was developed and released by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and exclusively licensed to Loveland Products, ...
    • The Accessory Gene saeP of the SaeR/S Two-Component Gene Regulatory System Impacts Staphylococcus aureus Virulence During Neutrophil Interaction 

      Collins, Madison M.; Behera, Ranjan K.; Pallister, Kyler B.; Evans, Tyler J.; Burroughs, Owen; Flack, Caralyn; Guerra, Fermin E.; Pullman, Willis; Cone, Brock; Dankoff, Jennifer G.; Nygaard, Tyler K.; Brinsmade, Shaun R.; Voyich, Jovanka M. (2020-04)
      Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) causes a range of diseases ranging from superficial skin and soft-tissue infections to invasive and life-threatening conditions (Klevens et al., 2007; Kobayashi et al., 2015). S. aureus ...
    • Long-Range Exciton Diffusion in Two-Dimensional Assemblies of Cesium Lead Bromide Perovskite Nanocrystals 

      Penzo, Erika; Loiudice, Anna; Barnard, Edward S.; Borys, Nicholas J.; Jurow, Matthew J.; Lorenzon, Monica; Rajzbaum, Igor; Wong, Edward K.; Liu, Yi; Schwartzberg, Adam M.; Cabrini, Stefano; Whitelam, Stephen; Buonsanti, Raffaella; Weber-Bargioni, Alexander (2020-05)
      Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET)-mediated exciton diffusion through artificial nanoscale building block assemblies could be used as an optoelectronic design element to transport energy. However, so far, nanocrystal ...
    • The relationship between genome size and metabolic rate in extant vertebrates 

      Gardner, Jacob D.; Laurin, Michel; Organ, Chris L. (2020-01)
      Genome size has long been hypothesized to affect the metabolic rate in various groups of animals. The mechanism behind this proposed association is the nucleotypic effect, in which large nucleus and cell sizes influence ...
    • How Does Magnetic Reconnection Drive the Early-stage Evolution of Coronal Mass Ejections? 

      Zhu, Chunming; Qui, Jiong; Liewer, Paulett; Vourlidas, Angelos (2020-04)
      Theoretically, coronal mass ejection (CME) kinematics are related to magnetic reconnection processes in the solar corona. However, the current quantitative understanding of this relationship is based on the analysis of ...
    • Early vigour in wheat: Could it lead to more severe terminal drought stress under elevated atmospheric [CO2] and semi-arid conditions? 

      Bourgault, Maryse; Webber, Heidi A.; Chenu, Karine; O'Leary, Garry J.; Gaiser, Thomas; Siebert, Stefan; Dreccer, Fernanda; Huth, Neil; Fitzgerald, Glenn J.; Tausz, Michael; Ewert, Frank (2020-05)
      Early vigour in wheat is a trait that has received attention for its benefits reducing evaporation from the soil surface early in the season. However, with the growth enhancement common to crops grown under elevated ...
    • The urgency of transforming the Midwestern U.S. landscape into more than corn and soybean 

      Prokopy, Linda S.; Graming, Benjamin M.; Bower, Alisha; Church, Sarah P.; Ellison, Brenna; Gassman, Philip W.; Genskow, Ken; Gucker, Douglas; Hallett, Steve G.; Hill, Jason; Hunt, Natalie; Johnson, Kris A.; Kaplan, Ian; Kelleher, J. Paul; Kok, Hans; Komp, Michael; Lammers, Peter; LaRose, Sarah; Liebman, Matthew; Margenot, Andrew; Mulla, David; O'Donnell, Michael J.; Peimer, Alex W.; Reaves, Elizabeth; Salazar, Kara; Schelly, Chelsea; Schilling, Keith; Secchi, Silvia; Spaulding, Aslihan D.; Swenson, David; Thompson, Aaron W.; Ulrich-Schad, Jessica D. (2020-05)
      The current agri-food system emerged out of a desire to provide an inexpensive and secure food supply. Yet even before COVID-19, the abundant agricultural production of the Midwestern United States was generated amid a ...
    • Metabolomic Profiling to Understand Chondrocyte Metabolism 

      Brahmachary, Priyanka; Welhaven, Hope D.; June, Ronald K. (2021)
      Metabolism has long been recognized as a critical physiological process necessary to maintain homeostasis in all types of cells including the chondrocytes of articular cartilage. Alterations in metabolism in disease and ...
    • Managing invasive plants on Great Plains grasslands: A discussion of current challenges 

      Gaskin, John F.; Espeland, Erin; Johnson, Casey D.; Larson, Diane L.; Mangold, Jane M.; McGee, Rachel A.; Milner, Chuck; Paudel, Shishir; Pearson, Dean E.; Perkins, Lora B.; Prosser, Chadley W.; Runyon, Justin B.; Sing, Sharlene E.; Sylvain, Zachary A.; Symstad, Amy J.; Tekiela, Daniel R. (2020-05)
      The Great Plains of North America encompass approximately 1,300,000 km2 of land from Texas to Saskatchewan. The integrity of these lands is under continual assault by long-established and newly-arrived invasive plant ...
    • Forest Cover Change, Households’ Livelihoods, Trade-Offs, and Constraints Associated with Plantation Forests in Poor Upland-Rural Landscapes: Evidence from North Central Vietnam 

      Van Khuc, Quy; Le, Tuyet-Anh T.; Nguyen, Trung H.; Nong, Duy; Tran, Bao Quang; Meyfroidt, Patrick; Tran, Trung; Duong, Pham Bao; Nguyen, Thanh T.; Tran, Tan; Pham, Linh; Leu, Shawn; Thao, Ngo Thi Phuong; Huu-Dung, Nguyen; Dao, Trung-Kien; Hong, Nguyen Van; Nguyet, Bui Thi Minh; Nguyen, Hoai-Son; Paschke, Mark W. (2020-05)
      Vietnam’s forests have experienced a notable transformation over the past 20 years from net deforestation to reforestation and expanding forests. Continued reforestation that aims to achieve further economic and environmental ...
    • Food web controls on mercury fluxes and fate in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon 

      Walters, David M.; Cross, Wyatt F.; Kennedy, Theodore A.; Baxter, Colden V.; Hall, R. O. Jr.; Rosi, E. J. (2020-05)
      Mercury (Hg) biomagnification in aquatic food webs is a global concern; yet, the ways species traits and interactions mediate these fluxes remain poorly understood. Few pathways dominated Hg flux in the Colorado River ...

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