Enhancing first aid training in hunter education
Bennett, Arlon Harris
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Trained but non-expert individuals generally perform first aid. The goals of first aid include the preservation of human life, prevention of additional harm, and the beginning of the recovery process. First aid is used to treat injured persons until definitive care can be reached. First aid can also be used to manage injury eliminating further treatment. First aid is simple procedures that often have life-saving results. Teaching core concepts have a direct impact on the effectiveness of first aid when employed in life situations. The purpose of this project is to examine the need for enhancing first aid within hunter education. A setting within the hunter education arena in Montana was examined. The hunter education program has an excellent record for reducing fatal injuries among hunters, both within Montana and nationwide. Hunter education does not eliminate all injuries however. The nature of hunting, with high-powered weapons and remote locations, leads to injuries that have significant threat to the injured. Hunter education follows a national baseline model. It is effective at teaching the essentials of hunter safety, but factors limit the ability of the curriculum from expanding and subsequently teaching a more comprehensive and effective first aid module within the scope of the class. The project plan is to collect and evaluate information, then to propose an evidenced based teaching packet for first aid education that nurses can teach. It can be implemented during the hunter education course. A limited literature review was conducted which assisted in defining the depth of the perceived problem. Hunter education graduates are charged with conducting themselves in a safe manner as well as educating others. The method and the content that these students are taught, has a significant impact on their future success. Variables such as the length of class, teaching method, and the specific first aid procedures that are being taught were evaluated and found to be beneficial. Evaluating methods of teaching students was important to be able to identify an effective teaching method. This information will be incorporated into the development of the teaching packet.