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dc.contributor.authorSmith, Vincent H.
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-11T19:26:33Z
dc.date.available2014-07-11T19:26:33Z
dc.date.issued2006-02
dc.identifier.citationPolicy Paper 12: Regulating State Trading Enterprises in the GATT: An Urgent Need for Change? Evidence from the 2003-2004 U.S.--Canada Grain Dispute, Vincent H. Smith, February 2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/3504
dc.description.abstractState Trading Enterprises (STEs) are one of the bete noirs of agricultural and other trade relations and trade negotiations. An STE is a government enterprises or quasi government enterprise that operates with special protections and/or privileges granted by its country’s central authority. STEs generally exist for one of two main reasons. Sometimes, as with many African parastatals, they are created to tax the domestic industry and/or imports for government revenue generation purposes (or income transfers to members of ruling elites). Alternatively, an STE’s mission is often to increase revenues or profits (though not necessarily both) from sales for domestic producers and/or processors and other marketing chain operations. In pursuing these revenue or profit objectives, STEs create trade distortions by implicitly levying tariffs on imports, taxing domestic sales, and subsidizing (or, on rare occasions, taxing) exports to different countries at different rates. They may also be vehicles through which domestic subsidies are more or less discretely funneled to producers, with corresponding implications for the effectiveness of disciplines on domestic supports. Hence, STEs are problematic in the context of trade negotiations.
dc.publisherMSU Extensionen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAgricultural Marketing Policy Center Policy Paper;12
dc.subjectAgricultural economicsen_US
dc.subjectAgronomyen_US
dc.titleRegulating State Trading Enterprises in the GATT: An Urgent Need for Change? Evidence from the 2003-2004 U.S.--Canada Grain Disputeen_US
dc.title.alternativeAgricultural Marketing Policy Center Policy Paper No. 12en_US
dc.typeOtheren_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpage1en_US
mus.citation.extentlastpage14en_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agricultureen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agriculture
mus.relation.departmentAgricultural Economics & Economics.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US


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