The College of Letters and Science, the largest center for learning, teaching and research at Montana State University, offers students an excellent liberal arts and sciences education in nearly 50 majors, 25 minors and over 25 graduate degrees within the four areas of the humanities, natural sciences, mathematics and social sciences.

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Recent Submissions

  • Neural crest development in Xenopus requires Protocadherin 7 at the lateral neural crest border 

    Rashid, Dana; Puettmann, Paul; Roy, Ethan; Bradley, Roger S. (2018-02)
    In vertebrates, the neural crest is a unique population of pluripotent cells whose development is dependent onsignalin g from neighbori ng tissues. Cadherin family members, including protocadherins, are emerging asmajor ...
  • Livestock abundance predicts vampire bat demography, immune profiles and bacterial infection risk 

    Becker, Daniel J.; Czirják, Gábor Á.; Volokhov, Dmitriy V.; Bentz, Alexandra B.; Carrera, Jorge E.; Camus, Melinda S.; Navara, Kristen J.; Chizhikov, Vladimir E.; Fenton, M. Brock; Simmons, Nancy B.; Recuenco, Sergio E.; Gilbert, Amy T.; Altizer, Sonia; Streicker, Daniel G. (2018-05)
    Human activities create novel food resources that can alter wildlife-pathogen interactions. If resources amplify or dampen, pathogen transmission probably depends on both host ecology and pathogen biology, but studies that ...
  • Planning for the local impacts of coal facility closure: Emerging strategies in the U.S. West 

    Haggerty, Julia H.; Haggerty, Mark N.; Roemer, Kelli; Rose, Jackson (2018-08)
    This study considers the contours of the coal transition in the United States from the perspective of local planning responses to coal plant retirements in the U.S. West. Plant closures in the region affect a diverse set ...
  • Nitrate is an important nitrogen source for Arctic tundra plants 

    Liu, Xue-Yan; Koba, Keisuke; Koyama, Lina A.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Weiss, Marissa S.; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Shaver, Gaius R.; Giblin, Anne E.; Hobara, Satoru; Nadelhoffer, Knute J.; Sommerkorn, Martin; Rastetter, Edward B.; Kling, George W.; Laundre, James A.; Yano, Yuriko; Makabe, Akiko; Yano, Midori; Liu, Cong-Qiang (2018-03)
    Plant nitrogen (N) use is a key component of the N cycle in terrestrial ecosystems. The supply of N to plants affects community species composition and ecosystem processes such as photosynthesis and carbon (C) accumulation. ...
  • Early life socioeconomic status associates with interleukin-6 responses to acute laboratory stress in adulthood 

    Lockwood, Kimberly G.; John-Henderson, Neha A.; Marsland, Anna L. (2018-05)
    It is proposed that environmental exposures in early life influence immune programming. Specifically, socioeconomic disadvantage is thought to program an immune phenotype that is prone to inflammation and associated with ...
  • Environmental persistence of influenza H5N1 is driven by temperature and salinity: insights from a Bayesian meta-analysis 

    Martin, Gerado; Becker, Daniel J.; Plowright, Raina K. (2018-09)
    Environmental persistence of zoonotic pathogens is a key trait that influences the probability of zoonotic spillover. Pathogen survival outside of the host determines the window available for contact with the new recipient ...
  • Origin and Evolution of Flavin-Based Electron Bifurcating Enzymes 

    Poudel, Saroj; Dunham, Eric C.; Lindsay, Melody R.; Amenabar, Maximiliano J.; Fones, Elizabeth M.; Colman, Daniel R.; Boyd, Eric S. (2018-08)
    Twelve evolutionarily unrelated oxidoreductases form enzyme complexes that catalyze the simultaneous coupling of exergonic and endergonic oxidation–reduction reactions to circumvent thermodynamic barriers and minimize free ...
  • Proteomic analysis of human epileptic neocortex predicts vascular and glial changes in epileptic regions 

    Keren-Aviram, Gal; Dachet, Fabian; Bagla, Shruti; Balan, Karina; Loeb, Jeffrey A. (2018-04)
    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, which is not well understood at the molecular level. Exactly why some brain regions produce epileptic discharges and others do not is not known. Patients who fail to respond to ...
  • Advising caution in studying seasonal oscillations in crime rates 

    Dong, Kun; Yunbai, Cao; Wilber, Matthew; McCalla, Scott G. (2017-09)
    Most types of crime are known to exhibit seasonal oscillations, yet the annual variations in the amplitude of this seasonality and their causes are still uncertain. Using a large collection of data from the Houston and Los ...
  • Nevada Dust with Metals suppresses IgM antibodies 

    Keil, Deborah E.; Buck, Brenda; Goossens, Dirk; McLaurin, Brett; Murphy, Lacey; Leetham-Spencer, Mallory; Teng, Yuanxin; Pollard, James; Gerads, Russell; DeWitt, Jamie C. (2018)
    Systemic health effects from exposure to a complex natural dust containing heavy metalsfrom the Nellis Dunes Recreation Area (NDRA) near Las Vegas, NV, were evaluated. Several toxicological parameters were examined following ...
  • Discovery of a hypersaline subglacial lake complex beneath Devon Ice Cap, Canadian Arctic 

    Rutishauser, Anja; Blankenship, Donald D.; Sharp, Martin; Skidmore, Mark L.; Greenbaum, Jamin S.; Grima, Cyril; Schroeder, Dustin M.; Dowdeswell, Julian A.; Young, Duncan A. (2018-04)
    Subglacial lakes are unique environments that, despite the extreme dark and cold conditions, have been shown to host microbial life. Many subglacial lakes have been discovered beneath the ice sheets of Antarctica and ...
  • Vulnerability of dryland agricultural regimes to economic and climatic change 

    Lawrence, Patrick G.; Maxwell, Bruce D.; Rew, Lisa J.; Ellis, Colter; Bekkerman, Anton (2018)
    Large-scale agricultural systems are central to food production in North America, but their ubiquity could be threatened by vulnerability to economic and climatic stressors during the 21st century. Prior research has focused ...
  • Recovery and Adaptation after the 2015 earthquakes; A smallholder farmer perspective 

    Epstein, Kathleen; DiCarlo, Jessica; Marsh, Robin; Adhikari, Bikash; Paudel, Dinesh; Ray, Isha; Måren, Inger E. (2018)
    Communities reliant on subsistence and small-scale production are typically more vulnerable than others to disasters such as earthquakes. We study the earthquakes that struck Nepal in the spring of 2015 to investigate their ...
  • Gangdese Culmination Model: Oligocene—Miocene Duplexing along the India-Asia Suture Zone, Lazi Region, Southern Tibet 

    Laskowski, Andrew K.; Kapp, Paul; Cai, Fulong (2018-02)
    The mechanisms for crustal thickening and exhumation along the Yarlung (India-Asia) suture in southern Tibet are under debate, because the magnitudes, relative timing, and interaction between the two dominant structures—the ...
  • Land-use history as a guide for forest conservation and management 

    Whitlock, Cathy; Colombaroli, D.; Conedera, M.; Tinner, W. (2017-06)
    Conservation efforts to protect forested landscapes are challenged by climate projections that suggest substantial restructuring of vegetation and disturbance regimes in the future. In this regard, paleoecological records ...
  • Confirmatory factor analysis applied to the force concept inventory 

    Willoughby, Shannon D.; Eaton, Phillip (2018-04)
    In 1995, Huffman and Heller used exploratory factor analysis to draw into question the factors of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI). Since then several papers have been published examining the factors of the FCI on larger ...
  • Changing Epistemological Beliefs with Nature of Science Implementations 

    Johnson, Keith; Willoughby, Shannon D. (2018-02)
    This article discusses our investigation regarding nature of science (NOS) implementations and epistemological beliefs within an undergraduate introductory astronomy course. The five year study consists of two years of ...
  • Defining Program Effects: A Distribution-Based Perspective 

    Green, Jennifer L.; Stroup, Walter W.; Fellers, Pamela S. (2017-08)
    In an age of accountability, it is critical to define and estimate the effects of teacher education and professional development programs on student learning in ways that allow stakeholders to explore potential reasons for ...
  • Gangdese Culmination Model: Oligocene—Miocene Duplexing along the India-Asia Suture Zone, Lazi Region, Southern Tibet 

    Laskowski, Andrew K.; Kapp, Paul; Fulong, Cai (2018-02)
    The mechanisms for crustal thickening and exhumation along the Yarlung (India-Asia) suture in southern Tibet are under debate, because the magnitudes, relative timing, and interaction between the two dominant structures—the ...
  • Habitat characteristics of the hoary marmot: Assessing distribution limitations in Montana 

    Turnock, Ben Y.; Litt, Andrea R.; Vore, John M.; Hammond, Chris A. M. (2017-10)
    Species that live in ecosystems with extremely different seasonal conditions must balance the constraints of each season to survive. Alpine species that do not migrate seasonally are especially adept at balancing the ...

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