The College of Letters and Science, the largest center for learning, teaching and research at Montana State University, offers students an excellent liberal arts and sciences education in nearly 50 majors, 25 minors and over 25 graduate degrees within the four areas of the humanities, natural sciences, mathematics and social sciences.

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Recent Submissions

  • Assessing the Performance of Index Calibration Survey Methods to Monitor Populations of Wide‐ranging Low‐density Carnivores 

    Droge, Egil; Creel, Scott; Becker, Matthew S.; Loveridge, Andrew J.; Sousa, Lara L.; Macdonald, David W. (2020-03)
    Apex carnivores are wide‐ranging, low‐density, hard to detect, and declining throughout most of their range, making population monitoring both critical and challenging. Rapid and inexpensive index calibration survey (ICS) ...
  • Carnivores, competition and genetic connectivity in the Anthropocene 

    Creel, Scott; Spong, Goran; Becker, Matthew S.; Simukonda, Chuma; Norman, Anita; Schiffthaler, Bastian; Chifunte, Clive (2019-11)
    Current extinction rates are comparable to five prior mass extinctions in the earth’s history, and are strongly affected by human activities that have modified more than half of the earth’s terrestrial surface. Increasing ...
  • Daedalus: a low-flying spacecraft for in situ exploration of the lower thermosphere–ionosphere 

    Sarris, Theodoros E.; Talaat, Elsayed R.; Palmroth, Minna; Dandouras, Iannis; Armandillo, Errico; Kervalishvili, Guram; Buchert, Stephan; Tourgaidis, Stylianos; Malaspina, David M.; Jaynes, Allison N.; Paschalidis, Nikolaos; Sample, John; Halekas, Jasper; Doornbos, Eelco; Lappas, Vaios; Moretto Jorgensen, Therese; Stolle, Claudia; Clilverd, Mark; Wu, Qian; Sandberg, Ingmar; Pirnaris, Panagiotis; Aikio, Anita (2020-04)
    The Daedalus mission has been proposed to the European Space Agency (ESA) in response to the call for ideas for the Earth Observation program's 10th Earth Explorer. It was selected in 2018 as one of three candidates for a ...
  • Diversity and use of medicinal plants for soup making in traditional diets of the Hakka in West Fujian, China 

    Luo, Binsheng; Li, Feifei; Ahmed, Selena; Long, Chunlin (2019-11)
    Background Wild edible and medicinal plants were an important component of traditional diets and continue to contribute to food security, nutrition, and health in many communities globally. For example, the preparation ...
  • Intended and Unintended Consequences of a Community-Based Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Dietary Intervention on the Flathead Reservation of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes 

    Ahmed, Selena; Dupuis, Virgil; Tyron, Michael; Running Crane, MaryAnn; Gavin, Teresa; Pierre, Micheal; Byker Shanks, Carmen (2020-08)
    Tribal communities in the United States face disparities to accessing healthy foods including high-quality produce. A six-week fresh fruit and vegetable (FV) dietary intervention, Eat Fresh, was co-designed with a Community ...
  • Sources of Variation in Maternal Allocation in a Long‐lived Mammal 

    Macdonald, Kaitlin R.; Rotella, Jay J.; Garrott, Robert A.; Link, William A. (2020-06)
    Life history theory predicts allocation of energy to reproduction varies with maternal age, but additional maternal features may be important to the allocation of energy to reproduction. We aimed to characterize age‐specific ...
  • Evaluating Native Bee Communities and Nutrition in Managed Grasslands 

    Stein, D. S.; Debinski, Diana M.; Pleasants, John M.; Toth, Amy L. (2020-06)
    Native pollinators are important for providing vital services in agroecosystems; however, their numbers are declining globally. Bees are the most efficient and diverse members of the pollinator community; therefore, it is ...
  • Perceptions of food environments and nutrition among residents of the Flathead Indian Reservation 

    Byker Shanks, Carmen; Ahmed, Selena; Dupuis, Virgil; Houghtaling, Bailey; Running Crane, MaryAnn; Tryon, Mike; Pierre, Mike (2020-10)
    Background Indigenous food systems have been displaced with the emergence of colonization, industrialization, and cultural, economic, political, and environmental changes. This disruption can be seen in marked health and ...
  • Bamboos for weaving and relevant traditional knowledge in Sansui, Southwest China 

    Luo, Binsheng; Ahmed, Selena; Long, Chunlin (2020-10)
    Background Traditional bamboo weaving has been practiced for centuries in Sansui, a county dominated by the Miao people, in Guizhou province of Southwest China. Sansui bamboo weaving represents an intangible cultural ...
  • Food Environment Typology: Advancing an Expanded Definition, Framework, and Methodological Approach for Improved Characterization of Wild, Cultivated, and Built Food Environments toward Sustainable Diets 

    Downs, Shauna M.; Ahmed, Selena; Fanzo, Jessica; Herforth, Anna (2020-04)
    The food environment is a critical place in the food system to implement interventions to support sustainable diets and address the global syndemic of obesity, undernutrition, and climate change, because it contains the ...
  • Ethnobotany and diversity of medicinal plants used by the Buyi in eastern Yunnan, China 

    Xiong, Yong; Sui, Xueyi; Ahmed, Selena; Wang, Zhi; Long, Chunlin (2020-10)
    The Buyi are a socio-linguistic group in Yunnan Province of southwest China that have a long history of using medicinal plants as part of their indigenous medical system. Given the limited written documentation of the Buyi ...
  • Integrating Subjective and Objective Dimensions of Resilience in Fire-Prone Landscapes 

    Higuera, Philip E.; Metcalf, Alexander L.; Miller, Carol; Buma, Brian; McWethy, David B.; Metcalf, Elizabeth C.; Ratajczak, Zak; Nelson, Cara R.; Chaffin, Brian C.; Stedman, Richard C.; McCaffrey, Sarah; Schoennagel, Tania; Harvey, Brian J.; Hood, Sharon M.; Schultz, Courtney A.; Black, Anne E.; Campbell, David; Haggerty, Julia H.; Keane, Robert E.; Krawchuk, Meg A.; Kulig, Judith C.; Rafferty, Rebekah; Virapongse, Arika (2019-05)
    Resilience has become a common goal for science-based natural resource management, particularly in the context of changing climate and disturbance regimes. Integrating varying perspectives and definitions of resilience is ...
  • American Indian young adults display diminished cardiovascular and cortisol responses to acute psychological stress 

    John-Henderson, Neha A.; Gruman, Hannah E.; Counts, Cory J.; Ginty, Annie T. (2020-04)
    American Indian adults are at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease compared with non-Hispanic white adults. Scant research exists examining the underlying physiological and psychological mechanisms associated with ...
  • Gold Catalyzed Decarboxylative Cross-Coupling of Iodoarenes 

    Daley, Ryan A.; Morrenzin, Aaron S.; Neufeldt, Sharon R.; Topczewski, Joseph J. (2020-07)
    This report details a decarboxylative cross-coupling of (hetero)aryl carboxylates with iodoarenes in the presence of a gold catalyst (>25 examples, up to 96% yield). This reaction is site specific, which overcomes prior ...
  • Small Phosphine Ligands Enable Selective Oxidative Addition of Ar–O over Ar–Cl Bonds at Nickel(0) 

    Entz, Emily D.; Russell, John E. A.; Hooker, Leidy V.; Neufeldt, Sharon R. (2020-08)
    Current methods for Suzuki-Miyaura couplings of nontriflate phenol derivatives are limited by their intolerance of halides including aryl chlorides. This is because Ni(0) and Pd(0) often undergo oxidative addition of ...
  • Carbonyl Reductase 1 Plays a Significant Role in Converting Doxorubicin to Cardiotoxic Doxorubicinol in Mouse Liver, but the Majority of the Doxorubicinol-Forming Activity Remains Unidentified 

    Breysse, Daniel H.; Boone, Ryan M.; Long, Cameron M.; Merrill, Miranda E.; Schaupp, Christopher M.; White, Colin C.; Kavanagh, Terrance J.; Schmidt, Edward E.; Merrill, Gary F. (2020-03)
    Doxorubicin is a widely used cancer therapeutic, but its effectiveness is limited by cardiotoxic side effects. Evidence suggests cardiotoxicity is due not to doxorubicin, but rather its metabolite, doxorubicinol. Identification ...
  • Variation of Microbiological and Biochemical Profiles of Laowo Dry-Cured Ham, an Indigenous Fermented Food, during Ripening by GC-TOF-MS and UPLC-QTOF-MS 

    Lin, Fengke; Cai, Fei; Luo, Binsheng; Gu, Ronghui; Ahmed, Selena; Long, Chunlin (2020-07)
    Fermented foods have unique microbiota and metabolomic profiles that can support dietary diversity, digestion, and gut health of consumers. Laowo ham (LWH) is an example of an indigenous fermented food from Southwestern ...
  • Light-Driven Permanent Charge Separation across a Hybrid Zero-Dimensional/Two-Dimensional Interface 

    Kriegel, Ilka; Ghini, Michele; Bellani, Sebastiano; Zhang, Kehao; Jansons, Adam W.; Crockett, Brandon M.; Koskela, Kristopher M.; Barnard, Edward S.; Penzo, Erika; Hutchison, James E.; Robinson, Joshua A.; Manna, Liberato; Borys, Nicholas J.; Schuck, P. James (2020-03)
    We report the first demonstration of light-driven permanent charge separation across an ultrathin solid-state zero-dimensional (0D)/2D hybrid interface by coupling photoactive Sn-doped In2O3 nanocrystals with monolayer ...
  • Biophysical characterization of SARAH domain–mediated multimerization of Hippo pathway complexes in Drosophila 

    Cairns, Leah; Patterson, Angela; Weingartner, Kyler A.; Koehler, T. J.; DeAngelis, Daniel R.; Tripp, Katherine W.; Bothner, Brian; Kavran, Jennifer M. (2020-05)
    Hippo pathway signaling limits cell growth and proliferation and maintains the stem-cell niche. These cellular events result from the coordinated activity of a core kinase cassette that is regulated, in part, by interactions ...
  • Measuring the predictability of life outcomes with a scientific mass collaboration 

    Salganik, Matthew J.; Lundberg, Ian; Kindel, Alexander T.; Ahearn, Caitlin E.; Al-Ghoneim, Khaled; Almaatouq, Abdullah; Altschul, Drew M.; Brand, Jennie E.; Carnegie, Nicole B.; Compton, Ryan James; Datta, Debanjan; Davidson, Thomas; Filippova, Anna; Gilroy, Connor; Goode, Brian J.; Jahani, Eaman; Kashyap, Ridhi; Kirchner, Antje; McKay, Stephen; Morgan, Allison; Pentland, Alex; Polimis, Kivan; Raes, Louis; Rigobon, Daniel E.; Roberts, Claudia V.; Stanescu, Diana M.; Suhara, Yoshihiko; Usmani, Adaner; Wang, Erik H.; Baer-Bositis, Livia; Buchi, Moritz; Chung, Bo-Ryehn; Eggert, William; Faletto, Gregory; Fan, Zhilin; Freese, Jeremy; Gadgil, Tejomay; Gagne, Josh; Gao, Yue; Halpern-Manners, Andrew; Hashim, Sophia P.; Hausen, Sonia; He, Guanhua; Higuera, Kimberly; Hogan, Bernie; Horwitz, Ilana M.; Hummel, Lisa M.; Jain, Naman; Jin, Kun; Jurgens, David; Kaminski, Patrick; Karapetyan, Areg; Kim, E. H.; Leizman, Ben; Liu, Naijia; Moser, Malte; Mack, Andrew E.; Mahajan, Mayank; Mandell, Noah; Marahrens, Helge; Mercado-Garcia, Diana; Mocz, Viola; Mueller-Gastell, Katariina; Musse, Ahmed; Niu, Qiankun; Nowak, William; Omidvar, Hamidreza; Or, Andrew; Ouyang, Karen; Pinto, Katy M.; Porter, Ethan; Porter, Kristin E.; Qian, Crystal; Rauf, Tamkinat; Sargsyan, Anahit; Schaffner, Thomas; Schnabel, Landon; Schonfeld, Bryan; Sender, Ben; Tang, Jonathan D.; Tsurkov, Emma; van Loon, Austin; Varol, Onur; Wang, Xiafei; Wang, Zhi; Wang, Flora; Weissman, Samantha; Whitaker, Kristie; Wolters, Maria K.; Woon, Wei Lee; Wu, James; Wu, Catherine; Yang, Kengran; Yin, Jingwen; Zhao, Bingyu; Zhu, Chenyun; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Engelhardt, Barbara E.; Hardt, Moritz; Knox, Dean; Levy, Karen; Narayanan, Arvind; Stewart, Brandon M.; Watts, Duncan J.; McLanahan, Sara (2020-04)
    How predictable are life trajectories? We investigated this question with a scientific mass collaboration using the common task method; 160 teams built predictive models for six life outcomes using data from the Fragile ...

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