Life skill development of Montana 4-H campers
Wingard, Kelly Jo
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The purpose of the study was to determine whether or not 1996 Montana single and multiple county 4-H campers were developing Montana 4-H life skills by attending 4-H camps. The survey instrument for both the pretest and posttest was composed of 43 statements that measured life skill development on a Likert-type scale. This factorial, quasi-experimental study measured life skill development of participants in 9 single county 4-H camps and 4 multiple county 4-H camps in Montana. Pretest surveys were administered to participants at the beginning of the camps. Twenty-one days after the end of the camp, participants were sent a delayed posttest to be completed and returned to the researcher. The responses on the pretest and posttest data were entered into a spreadsheet file using Microsoft Excel (1994). The data was analyzed using SPSS-X (1995). Frequency distributions were calculated on demographic data. A matched pair t-test was used to analyze the life skill development from pretest scores to posttest scores at a 0.05 level to test for significant differences. An analysis of covariance was computed for the posttest with the pretest at a 0.05 level of significance to compare adjusted mean scores with single county camps versus multiple county camps, early versus late responders, and demographic influences. The data from this study revealed that Montana 4-H camps develop the life skills of fostering a positive self concept, learning decision-making and responsibility for choices, developing an inquiring mind, relating to self and others and acquiring a concern for communities—local and global. It was found that attendance of single county camps versus multiple county camps did not differ in life skill development. Various demographic influences also proved to have a significant effect on life skill development.