Random Motion of Deuterons in KD2PO4
Schmidt, V. Hugo
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Magnetic resonance studies of the deuteron in KD2PO4 have been conducted which show the existence of deuteron jumping between and within hydrogen bonds. The experimental results help to explain electrical conductivity and ferroelectric phenomena in crystals of this type. Pulse magnetic resonance experiments show that the lifetime TXY against deuteron jumping between X- and Y-oriented hydrogen bonds is 15 msec at 70°C with a jump activation energy of approximately 0.58 ev. The c-axis electrical conductivity of KD2PO4 is found to have the same activation energy, with a value of 1.16×10−10 (ohmcm)−1 at 25°C. The Δm=1(P1) and Δm=2(P2) deuteron spin-lattice relaxation transition probabilities due to X−Y jumps have been calculated from the known values of TXY and the electric field gradient tensors at X and Y deuteron sites. Their magnitudes and the dependences of these magnitudes on magnetic field, temperature, and orientation are in good agreement with experiment. Further measurements of P1 and P2 separately give a component of transition probability proportional to exp(0.078 ev/kT) and independent of magnetic field. The orientation dependences of P1 and P2 for this component indicate quadrupolar relaxation due to deuteron jumps along hydrogen bonds, with a jump time of order 10−11 sec at 215°K. The existence of intrabond jumps governed by an activation energy is shown to be consistent with the Slater theory of KH2PO4 as modified by Takagi.
Schmidt, V. Hugo, and Edwin Uehling. â€œRandom Motion of Deuterons in KD2PO4.â€� Physical Review 126, no. 2 (April 1962): 447â€“457. doi:10.1103/physrev.126.447.