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dc.contributor.authorTang, Wei
dc.contributor.authorSong, Liyan
dc.contributor.authorLi, Dou
dc.contributor.authorQiao, Jing
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Tiantao
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Heping
dc.contributor.authorLei, Benfang
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-10T16:29:08Z
dc.date.available2015-02-10T16:29:08Z
dc.date.issued2014-12
dc.identifier.citationTang, Wei, Liyan Song, Dou Li, Jing Qiao, Tiantao Zhao, Heping Zhao, and Benfang Lei (editor). Production, Characterization, and Flocculation Mechanism of Cation Independent, pH Tolerant, and Thermally Stable Bioflocculant from Enterobacter sp. ETH-2. PLOS One. December 2014. Pages e114591. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114591en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/8820
dc.description.abstractSynthetic high polymer flocculants, frequently utilized for flocculating efficiency and low cost, recently have been discovered as producing increased risk to human health and the environment. Development of a more efficient and environmentally sound alternative flocculant agent is investigated in this paper. Bioflocculants are produced by microorganisms and may exhibit a high rate of flocculation activity. The bioflocculant ETH-2, with high flocculating activity (2849 mg Kaolin particle/mg ETH-2), produced by strain Enterobacter sp. isolated from activated sludge, was systematically investigated with regard to its production, characterization, and flocculation mechanism. Analyses of microscopic observation, zeta potential and ETH-2 structure demonstrates the bridging mechanism, as opposed to charge neutralization, was responsible for flocculation of the ETH-2. ETH-2 retains high molecular weight (603 to 1820 kDa) and multi-functional groups (hydroxyl, amide and carboxyl) that contributed to flocculation. Polysaccharides mainly composed of mannose, glucose, and galactose, with a molar ratio of 1:2.9:9.8 were identified as the active constituents in bioflocculant. The structure of the long backbone with active sites of polysaccharides was determined as a primary basis for the high flocculation activity. Bioflocculant ETH-2 is cation independent, pH tolerant, and thermally stable, suggesting a potential fit for industrial application.en_US
dc.subjectHealth sciencesen_US
dc.titleProduction, Characterization, and Flocculation Mechanism of Cation Independent, pH Tolerant, and Thermally Stable Bioflocculant from Enterobacter sp. ETH-2en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpagee114591en_US
mus.citation.issue12en_US
mus.citation.journaltitlePloS ONEen_US
mus.citation.volume9en_US
mus.identifier.categoryHealth & Medical Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0114591en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Science
mus.relation.departmentMicrobiology & Immunology.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US


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