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dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Prashant Jhaen
dc.contributor.authorKumar, Vipanen
dc.contributor.otherPrashant Jha and Nicholas Reichard were co-authors of the article, 'Occurrence and characterization of Kochia (Kochia scoparia) accessions with resistance to glyphosate in Montana' in the journal 'Weed technology journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherPrashant Jha, Darci Giacomini, Eric Westra and Philip Westra were co-authors of the article, 'Molecular basis of evolved resistance to glyphosate and acetolactate synthase-inhibitor herbicides in Kochia (Kochia scoparia) accessions from Montana' submitted to the journal 'Weed science journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherPrashant Jha was a co-author of the article, 'Impact of EPSPS gene amplification and intraspecific competition on fitness of glyphosate-resistan Kochia scoparia inbreds' submitted to the journal 'PLoS one journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherPrashant Jha was a co-author of the article, 'Effective preemergence and postemergence herbicide programs for Kochia control' in the journal 'Weed technology journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherPrashant Jha was a co-author of the article, 'Influence of herbicides applied postharvest in wheat stubble on control, fecundity, and progeny fitness of Kochia scoparia in the US Great Plains' in the journal 'Crop protection journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherPrashant Jha was a co-author of the article, 'Influence of glyphosate timing on Kochia (Kochia scoparia) demographics in glyphosate-resistant sugar beet' submitted to the journal 'Weed technology journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherPrashant Jha was a co-author of the article, 'Control of volunteer glyphosate-resistant canola in glyphosate-resistant sugar beet' in the journal 'Weed technology journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.coverage.spatialMontanaen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-03T16:48:39Z
dc.date.available2016-01-03T16:48:39Z
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/9056en
dc.description.abstractKochia (Kochia scoparia L.) is one of the most problematic weeds in cropland and non-cropland areas of the US Great Plains. This research confirms the first report on glyphosate-resistant (GR) K. scoparia in Montana, and elucidates the mechanisms of glyphosate and ALS-inhibitor resistance, growth and reproductive fitness of GR K. scoparia, and its management. This research also reports the response of K. scoparia demographics to glyphosate timings in GR sugar beet and evaluate herbicide options for managing volunteer GR canola in GR sugar beet. Based on whole-plant dose-response experiments, four GR K. scoparia accessions (JOP01, GIL01, CHES01, CHES02) had 4.6 to 11-fold levels of resistance to glyphosate compared to a glyphosate-susceptible (GS) accession. Confirmed GR K. scoparia accessions (GIL01, JOP01, and CHES01) also exhibited 9.3- to 30-fold resistance to sulfonylurea herbicide (ALS inhibitors). Results from PCR, quantitative PCR, and immunoblotting assays indicated that EPSPS gene amplification (~ 4 to 10 copies) and single point mutation at Pro197 in ALS gene conferred resistance to glyphosate and ALS-inhibitors, respectively. Inbred lines of GR K. scoparia (CHES01 and JOP01) with 2- to 14-fold amplification of the EPSPS gene did not confer any growth- or fecundity-related fitness cost. From a management standpoint, acetochlor + atrazine, S-metolachlor + atrazine + mesotrione, and sulfentrazone applied PRE and paraquat + atrazine, paraquat + linuron, and paraquat + metribuzin applied POST or in postharvest wheat stubble provided effective (> or = 91%) control of K. scoparia. In GR sugar beet, sequential applications of glyphosate (6-leaf fb 10-leaf stage of sugar beet) reduced survival, biomass and seed production of K. scoparia plants in cohort 1 and 2; however, an additional application of glyphosate at the canopy closure stage of sugar beet was needed to prevent seed production from the late-emerging K. scoparia (cohort 3). Ethofumesate (4,200 g ha -1) PRE followed by sequential POST triflusulfuron methyl (17.5 g ha -1) was the most effective treatment for managing volunteer GR canola in GR sugar beet. Overall, this research demonstrates the adaptability of K. scoparia evolving resistance to glyphosate and ALS inhibitors, and suggest the need for adoption of integrated weed management practices.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Agricultureen
dc.subject.lcshKochiaen
dc.subject.lcshAgricultural pestsen
dc.subject.lcshPests--Controlen
dc.subject.lcshHerbicide resistanceen
dc.subject.lcshFlavoproteinsen
dc.subject.lcshLyasesen
dc.titleConfirmation and management of glyphosate-resistant Kochia (Kochia scoparia) in Montanaen
dc.typeDissertationen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2015 by Vipan Kumaren
thesis.catalog.ckey2759023en
thesis.degree.committeemembersMembers, Graduate Committee: William Dyer; Jack Martin; Kent McVay; Andrew J. Hansen.en
thesis.degree.departmentPlant Sciences & Plant Pathology.en
thesis.degree.genreDissertationen
thesis.degree.namePhDen
thesis.format.extentfirstpage1en
thesis.format.extentlastpage239en
mus.relation.departmentPlant Sciences & Plant Pathology.en_US
mus.contributor.orcidKumar, Vipan|0000-0002-8301-5878en_US


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