Putting Tuberculosis (TB) To Rest: Transformation of the Sleep Aid, Ambien, and “Anagrams” Generated Potent Antituberculosis Agents
Bailey, Mai Ann
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Zolpidem (Ambien, 1) is an imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-acetamide and an approved drug for the treatment of insomnia. As medicinal chemists enamored by how structure imparts biological function, we found it to have strikingly similar structure to the antitubercular imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-carboxyamides. Zolpidem was found to have antituberculosis activity (MIC of 10–50 μM) when screened against replicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv. Manipulation of the Zolpidem structure, notably, to structural isomers (“anagrams”), attains remarkably improved potency (5, MIC of 0.004 μM) and impressive potency against clinically relevant drug-sensitive, multi- and extensively drug-resistant Mtb strains (MIC < 0.03 μM). Zolpidem anagrams and analogues were synthesized and evaluated for their antitubercular potency, toxicity, and spectrum of activity against nontubercular mycobacteria and Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. These efforts toward the rational design of isomeric anagrams of a well-known sleep aid underscore the possibility that further optimization of the imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine core may well “put TB to rest”.
Moraski, Garrett C., Patricia A. Miller, Mai Ann Bailey, Juliane Ollinger, Tanya Parish, Helena I. Boshoff, Sanghyun Cho, Jeffery R. Anderson, Surafel Mulugeta, Scott G. Franzblau, and Marvin J. Miller. Putting Tuberculosis (TB) To Rest: Transformation of the Sleep Aid, Ambien, and "Anagrams" Generated Potent Antituberculosis Agents. ACS Infectious Diseases. December 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/id500008t