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dc.contributor.authorMiller, Perry R.
dc.contributor.authorBekkerman, Anton
dc.contributor.authorJones, Clain A.
dc.contributor.authorBurgess, Macdonald H.
dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Jeffrey A.
dc.contributor.authorEngel, Richard E.
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-29T16:36:00Z
dc.date.available2015-06-29T16:36:00Z
dc.date.issued2015-01
dc.identifier.citationMiller, Perry R., Anton Bekkerman, Clain A. Jones, Macdonald H. Burgess, Jeffrey A. Holmes, and Richard E. Engel. "Pea in Rotation with Wheat Reduced Uncertainty of Economic Returns in Southwest Montana." Agronomy Journal 107, no. 2 (2015): 541. doi:10.2134/agronj14.0185.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0002-1962
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/9164
dc.description.abstractPea (Pisum sativum L.) is increasingly being rotated with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Montana. Our objective was to compare economic net returns among wheat-only and pea–wheat systems during an established 4-yr crop rotation. The experimental design included three wheat-only (tilled fallow–wheat, no-till fallow–wheat, no-till continuous wheat) and three no-till pea–wheat (pea–wheat, pea brown manure–wheat, and pea forage–wheat) systems as main plots, and high and low available N rates as subplots. Net returns were calculated as the difference between market revenues and operation and input costs associated with machinery, seed and seed treatment, fertilizer, and pesticides. Gross returns for wheat were adjusted to reflect grain protein at “flat” and “sharp” discount/premium schedules based on historical Montana elevator schedules. Cumulative net returns were calculated for four scenarios including high and low available N rates and flat and sharp protein discount/premium schedules. Pea–wheat consistently had the greatest net returns among the six systems studied. Pea fallow–wheat systems exhibited greater economic stability across scenarios but had greater 4-yr returns (US$287 ha–1) than fallow–wheat systems only under the low N rate and sharp protein discount schedule scenario. We concluded that pea–wheat systems can reduce net return uncertainties relative to wheat-only systems under contrasting N fertility regimes, and variable wheat protein discount schedules in southwestern Montana. This implies that pea–wheat rotations, which protected wheat yield and/or protein levels under varying N fertility management, can reduce farmers’ exposure to annual economic variability.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultureen_US
dc.subjectEconomicsen_US
dc.subjectCrop rotationen_US
dc.titlePea in Rotation with Wheat Reduced Uncertainty of Economic Returns in Southwest Montanaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpage541en_US
mus.citation.issue2en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleAgronomy Journalen_US
mus.citation.volume107en_US
mus.identifier.categoryBusiness, Economics & Managementen_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.doi10.2134/agronj14.0185en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agricultureen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.departmentLand Resources & Environmental Sciences.en_US
mus.relation.departmentAgricultural Economics & Economics.en_US
mus.relation.departmentPlant Sciences & Plant Pathology.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.contributor.orcidMiller, Perry R.|0000-0003-4719-2137en_US


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