Multi-Timescale Power Management for Islanded Microgrids Including Storage and Demand Response
Pourmousavi Kani, Seyyed Ali
Nehrir, M. Hashem
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Power management is an essential tool for microgrid (MG) safe and economic operation, particularly in the islanded operation mode. In this paper, a multi-timescale cost-effective power management algorithm (PMA) is proposed for islanded MG operation targeting generation, storage, and demand management. Comprehensive modeling, cost, and emission calculations of the MG components are developed in this paper to facilitate high accuracy management. While the MGs overall power management and operation is carried out every several minutes to hours, depending on the availability of the required data, simulation for highly dynamic devices, such as batteries and electric water heaters (EWHs) used for demand response (DR), are performed every minute. This structure allows accurate, scalable, and practical power management taking into consideration the intrainterval dynamics of battery and EWHs. Two different on/off strategies for EWH control are also proposed for DR application. Then, the PMA is implemented using the two different DR strategies and the results are compared with the no-DR case. Actual solar irradiation, ambient temperature, nonEWH load demand, and hot water consumption data are employed in the simulation studies. The simulation results for the MG studied show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm to reduce both MGs cost and emission.
Pourmousavi, S.A., M.H. Nehrir, and R.K. Sharma. "Multi-Timescale Power Management for Islanded Microgrids Including Storage and Demand Response." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 6, no. 3 (May 2015): 1185-1195. DOI:https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2014.2387068.