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dc.contributor.authorWinder, Virginia L.
dc.contributor.authorGregory, Andrew J.
dc.contributor.authorMcNew, Lance B.
dc.contributor.authorSandercock, Brett K.
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-18T18:15:04Z
dc.date.available2015-11-18T18:15:04Z
dc.date.issued2015-05
dc.identifier.citationWinder, Virginia L., Andrew J. Gregory, Lance B. McNew, and Brett K. Sandercock. "Responses of male Greater Prairie-Chickens to wind energy development." The Condor 117, no. 2 (May 2015): 284-296. DOI:https://dx.doi.org/10.1650/CONDOR-14-98.1.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0010-5422
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/xmlui/handle/1/9380
dc.description.abstractRenewable energy resources have received increased attention because of impacts of fossil fuels on global climate change. In Kansas, USA, optimal sites for wind energy development often overlap with preferred habitats of the Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido), a lek-mating prairie grouse of conservation concern. We tested for potential effects of energy development on male Greater Prairie-Chickens in north-central Kansas. We captured males at 23 leks located 0.04 to 28 km from wind turbines during a 2-yr preconstruction period (2007–2008) and a 3-yr postconstruction period (2009–2011). First, we tested for effects of proximity to turbines, habitat, and lek size on annual probability of lek persistence and changes in male numbers. We predicted that energy development might result in behavioral avoidance of areas close to turbines, resulting in increased rates of lek abandonment and fewer males attending surviving leks. We found that distance to turbine had a negative effect on lek persistence for leks <8 km from turbines during the postconstruction period, supporting the 8-km buffer zone recommended by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as an offset for wind energy projects. Additionally, lek persistence was positively related to number of males counted at a lek and with grassland cover surrounding the lek. Second, we tested for effects of wind energy development on male body mass. We predicted that degraded habitat conditions might result in decreased body mass for males attending leks near turbines during the postconstruction period. Male body mass was ~2% lower during the postconstruction period, but distance to turbine did not affect body mass. Additional study is needed to determine whether short-term effects of turbines on lek persistence influence population viability of Greater Prairie-Chickens.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDepartment of Energy; National Renewable Energies Laboratory; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks, and Tourism; Kansas Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit; National Fish and Wildlife Foundation; Kansas and Oklahomaen_US
dc.titleResponses of male Greater Prairie-Chickens to wind energy developmenten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpage284en_US
mus.citation.extentlastpage296en_US
mus.citation.issue2en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleCondoren_US
mus.citation.volume117en_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.doi10.1650/CONDOR-14-98.1en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agricultureen_US
mus.relation.departmentAnimal & Range Sciences.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.data.thumbpage4en_US


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