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dc.contributor.authorByker Shanks, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Teresa M.
dc.identifier.citationByker, Carmen, and Teresa Smith. “Food Assistance Programs for Children Afford Mixed Dietary Quality Based on HEI-2010.” Nutrition Research 35, no. 1 (January 2015): 35–40. doi:10.1016/j.nutres.2014.10.009.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackpack programs across the United States distribute easy-to-prepare foods in a backpack to potentially food-insecure students on Fridays to help reduce weekend hunger. This study used Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) to assess foods provided in Montana backpack programs. Healthy Eating Index 2010 measures compliance with the 2010 Dietary Guidelines and is a tool to assess the diet quality of foods provided in supplemental food assistance programs. We hypothesized that HEI-2010 scores would be of average dietary quality. One randomly selected menu was collected from each Montana backpack program (n = 5) from the 2011-2012 academic year. Each food provided was analyzed for diet quality using HEI-2010 to obtain component and total scores. Descriptive statistics and t tests were calculated to assess whether mean HEI-2010 component scores and total scores differed significantly (P < .05) from the maximum scores. The mean total score for HEI-2010 was significantly lower than the maximum score of 100 (58.65; SD, 15.59; P = .004). Analysis resulted in significantly lower mean scores for total vegetables (2.26; SD, 1.37; P = .011), greens and beans (0; SD, 0; P < .001), fatty acids (0; SD, 0; P < .001), and sodium (3.90; SD, 2.52; P = .006). Dietary quality of backpack programs may further improve with information sharing between programs about the availability of specific food group items. To better suit children's nutritional needs and increase HEI-2010 scores, researchers, practitioners, and the food industry should identify food options for the backpack program that are easy to prepare, appealing, and affordable.en_US
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 3.0 USen_US
dc.titleFood assistance programs for children afford mixed dietary quality based on HEI-2010en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleNutrition Researchen_US
mus.identifier.categoryHealth & Medical Sciencesen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Education, Health & Human Developmenten_US
mus.relation.departmentHealth & Human Development.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.contributor.orcidByker Shanks, Carmen|0000-0002-9030-9938en_US

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