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dc.contributor.authorMcMenamin, Alexander J.
dc.contributor.authorBrutscher, Laura M.
dc.contributor.authorGlenny, William
dc.contributor.authorFlenniken, Michelle L.
dc.identifier.citationMcMenamin, Alexander J , Laura M Brutscher, William Glenny, and Michelle L. Flenniken. "Abiotic and biotic factors affecting the replication and pathogenicity of bee viruses." Current Opinion in Insect Science 16 (April 2016): 14-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.cois.2016.04.009.en_US
dc.description.abstractBees are important pollinators of plants in both agricultural and non-agricultural landscapes. Recent losses of both managed and wild bee species have negative impacts on crop production and ecosystem diversity. Therefore, in order to mitigate bee losses, it is important to identify the factors most responsible. Multiple factors including pathogens, agrochemical exposure, lack of quality forage, and reduced habitat affect bee health. Pathogen prevalence is one factor that has been associated with colony losses. Numerous pathogens infect bees including fungi, protists, bacteria, and viruses, the majority of which are RNA viruses including several that infect multiple bee species. RNA viruses readily infect bees, yet there is limited understanding of their impacts on bee health, particularly in the context of other stressors. Herein we review the influence environmental factors have on the replication and pathogenicity of bee viruses and identify research areas that require further investigation.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUSDA, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (USDA-NIFA-AFRI) Program; Montana Department of Agriculture Specialty Crop Block Grant Program; NIH IDeA Program COBRE (GM110732); NSF EPSCoR (NSF-IIA-1443108); Hatch Multistate Funding (NC-1173), Project Apis m.; the Montana State Beekeepers Association, Montana State University; Montana State University Agricultural Experiment Station; Project Apis m.-Costco Honey Bee Biology Fellowshipen_US
dc.titleAbiotic and biotic factors affecting the replication and pathogenicity of bee virusesen_US
mus.citation.journaltitleCurrent Opinion in Insect Scienceen_US
mus.identifier.categoryHealth & Medical Sciencesen_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agricultureen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.departmentMicrobiology & Immunology.en_US
mus.relation.departmentPlant Sciences & Plant Pathology.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US
mus.relation.researchgroupMontana Institute on Ecosystems.en_US
mus.contributor.orcidFlenniken, Michelle L.|0000-0003-0356-3370en_US

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