Explosive events in the quiet Sun: extreme ultraviolet imaging spectroscopy instrumentation and observations

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Montana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Science


Explosive event is the name given to slit spectrograph observations of high spectroscopic velocities in solar transition region spectral lines. Explosive events show much variety that cannot yet be explained by a single theory. It is commonly believed that explosive events are powered by magnetic reconnection. The evolution of the line core appears to be an important indicator of which particular reconnection process is at work. The Multi-Order Solar Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrograph (MOSES) is a novel slitless spectrograph designed for imaging spectroscopy of solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectral lines. The spectrograph design forgoes a slit and images instead at three spectral orders of a concave grating. The images are formed simultaneously so the resulting spatial and spectral information is co-temporal over the 20'x10' instrument field of view. This is an advantage over slit spectrographs which build a field of view one narrow slit at a time. The cost of co-temporal imaging spectroscopy with the MOSES is increased data complexity relative to slit spectrograph data. The MOSES data must undergo tomographic inversion for recovery of line profiles. I use the unique data from the MOSES to study transition region explosive events in the He II 304 A spectral line. I identify 41 examples of explosive events which include 5 blue shifted jets, 2 red shifted jets, and 10 bi-directional jets. Typical doppler speeds are approximately 100km s-1. I show the early development of one blue jet and one bi-directional jet and find no acceleration phase at the onset of the event. The bi-directional jets are interesting because they are predicted in models of Petschek reconnection in the transition region. I develop an inversion algorithm for the MOSES data and test it on synthetic observations of a bi-directional jet. The inversion is based on a multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique (MART). The inversion successfully reproduces synthetic line profiles. I then use the inversion to study the time evolution of a bi-directional jet. The inverted line profiles show fast doppler shifted components and no measurable line core emission. The blue and red wings of the jet show increasing spatial separation with time.




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