Biogeochemical elimination of chromium (VI) contaminated water


Ferrous iron [Fe(II)] reductively transforms heavy metals in contaminated groundwater, and the bacterial reduction of indigenous ferric iron [Fe(II)] has been proposed as a means of establishing redox reactive barriers in the subsurface. The reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II) can be accomplished by stimulation of microbially produced Fe(II) can chemically react with contaminants such as Cr(VI) to form insoluble Cr(III) precipitates. The DMRB Shewanella algae BrY reduced highly soluble Cr(VI) to insoluble Cr(III). Once the chemical Cr(VI) reduction capacity of the Fe(II)/Fe(III) couple in the experimental systems was exhausted, the addition of S. algae BrY allowed for the repeated reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II), which again reduced Cr(VI) to Cr(III). The research presented herein indicates that a biological process using DMRB allows the establishment of biogeochemical cycle that facilitates chromium production. Such a system could provide a means for establishing and maintaining remedial redox reactive zones on Fe(III)- bearing subsurface environments.




Nyman JL, Caccavo Jr F, Cunningham AB, GerlachR, "Biogeochemical elimination of chromium (VI) contaminated water," Bioremed J, 2002, 6(1):39-55.
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