The Effect of a Prospective Intervention Program with Automated Monitoring on Hand Hygiene Performance in Long-term and Acute Care Units at a Veteran Affairs Medical Center

dc.contributor.advisorStarrett, W. Grant
dc.contributor.advisorArbogast, James W.
dc.contributor.advisorParker, Albert E.
dc.contributor.advisorWagner, Pamela T.
dc.contributor.advisorMahrer, Susan E.
dc.contributor.advisorChristian, Vanessa
dc.contributor.advisorLane, Barbara L.
dc.contributor.advisorCheek, V. Lorraine
dc.contributor.advisorRobbins, Gregory A.
dc.contributor.advisorBoyce, John M.
dc.contributor.advisorPolenakovik, Hari
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-27T18:28:53Z
dc.date.available2023-07-27T18:28:53Z
dc.date.issued2022-12
dc.description.abstractBackground. There is emerging evidence that implementation of an automated hand hygiene monitoring system (AHHMS) must be part of a multimodal hand hygiene (HH) program that includes complementary strategies. There are few published studies describing in detail the intervention strategies used with an AHHMS. Methods. An AHHMS that provides group HH performance rates (100 x HH product dispenses divided by the number of room entries plus exits) was implemented on two Acute Care (AC) units and six long-term care (LTC) units at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center from March 2021 through April 2022. After a 4-week baseline period and 2.5-week washout period, the 52-week intervention period included many components, such as weekly huddles, unit nurse manager engagement, vendor provided clinician-based training and feedback, leadership support, unit recognition, signage and development of a new slogan to remind colleagues to perform HH. Statistical analysis was performed with a Poisson general additive mixed model. Results. During the 4-week baseline period, the median HH performance rate was 18.6 (95% CI: [16.5, 21.0]) for all 8 units. During the intervention period, the median HH rate increased to 21.6 [19.1, 24.4], and during the last 4 weeks of the intervention period (exactly 1 year after baseline), the 8 units exhibited a median HH rate of 25.1 [22.2, 28.4], (p < 0.0001) [Figure 1]. The median HH rate increased from 17.5 to 20.0 (p < 0.0001) in LTC units and from 22.9 to 27.2 (p < 0.0001) in AC units. The intervention increased the use of hand sanitizer from 57.5% during baseline to 65.1% (p < 0.0001). The increase in HH rates was due to HH events increasing from 88,758 dispenses during the baseline to 123,722 dispenses during the last 4 weeks of the intervention. Direct observation results during the same periods showed HH compliance ranging from 61-86%. Figure 1- Monthly Hand Hygiene Performance Rates for all Units The green curve shows the change in the median HH rate during the intervention period compared to the baseline and washout periods, with vertical bars showing 95% confidence intervals for the monthly HH rate. Conclusion. The intervention increased hand sanitizer usage and HH performance rates for all units. AC units were consistently better than LTC units, which have more visitors and more mobile veterans. Further HH improvement will rely on continued implementation of complementary strategies and long-term monitoring.en_US
dc.identifier.citationJames W Arbogast, PhD and others, 1213. The Effect of a Prospective Intervention Program with Automated Monitoring on Hand Hygiene Performance in Long-term and Acute Care Units at a Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Open Forum Infectious Diseases, Volume 9, Issue Supplement_2, December 2022, ofac492.1045, https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofac492.1045en_US
dc.identifier.issn2328-8957
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/handle/1/17992
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.rightscc-byen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.titleThe Effect of a Prospective Intervention Program with Automated Monitoring on Hand Hygiene Performance in Long-term and Acute Care Units at a Veteran Affairs Medical Centeren_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpage1en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleOpen Forum Infectious Diseasesen_US
mus.citation.volume9en_US
mus.identifier.doi10.1093/ofid/ofac492.1045en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Engineeringen_US
mus.relation.departmentCenter for Biofilm Engineering.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US

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