Influence of divalent cations and ph on adsorption of a bacterial polysaccharide adhesin


Hyphomonas MHS-3 (MHS-3) elaborates a diffuse capsular material, primarily composed of polysaccharide, which has been implicated to serve as the holdfast of this prosthecate marine bacterium. A purified polysaccharide (fr2ps) from this capsular material exhibits a relatively large affinity for (Ge), or more precisely for the Ge oxide surface film. In its natural habitat MHS-3 attaches to marine sediments. This suggests that molecular properties of fr2ps have evolved to render it adhesive toward mineral oxides. In order to characterize these molecular interactions, the effect of divalent cations and pH on the adsorption of fr2ps to Ge has been measured using attenuated total internal reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR/FT-IR) spectroscopy. The effect of adsorption of fr2ps on the Ge oxide film has been investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results indicate that divalent cations participate in binding of fr2ps to Ge oxide and that atomic size of the cation is important. Evidence for significant participation of hydrogen bonding to the oxide surface is lacking.




Bhosle, N., P.A. Suci, A.M. Baty, R.M. Weiner, and G.G. Geesey, "Influence of divalent cations and ph on adsorption of a bacterial polysaccharide adhesin," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 205(1):89-96 (1998).
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