Homologous Helical Jets: Observations By IRIS, SDO, and Hinode and Magnetic Modeling With Data‐Driven


We report on observations of recurrent jets by instruments on board the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and Hinode spacecraft. Over a 4 hr period on 2013 July 21, recurrent coronal jets were observed to emanate from NOAA Active Region 11793. Far-ultraviolet spectra probing plasma at transition region temperatures show evidence of oppositely directed flows with components reaching Doppler velocities of ±100 km s−1. Raster Doppler maps using a Si iv transition region line show all four jets to have helical motion of the same sense. Simultaneous observations of the region by SDO and Hinode show that the jets emanate from a source region comprising a pore embedded in the interior of a supergranule. The parasitic pore has opposite polarity flux compared to the surrounding network field. This leads to a spine-fan magnetic topology in the coronal field that is amenable to jet formation. Time-dependent data-driven simulations are used to investigate the underlying drivers for the jets. These numerical experiments show that the emergence of current-carrying magnetic field in the vicinity of the pore supplies the magnetic twist needed for recurrent helical jet formation.




Cheung, Mark C. M., B. De Pontieu, T. D. Tarbell, Y. Fu, H. Tian, P. Testa, K. K. Reeves, et al. “Homologous Helical Jets: Observations By IRIS, SDO , AND Hinode and Magnetic Modeling with Data-Driven Simulations.” The Astrophysical Journal 801, no. 2 (March 5, 2015): 83. doi:10.1088/0004-37x/801/2/83.
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