Citrate Synthase GltA Modulates the 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol Biosynthesis of Pseudomonas fluorescens 2P24 and is Essential for the Biocontrol Capacity

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American Chemical Society


Carbon metabolism is critical for microbial physiology and remarkably affects the outcome of secondary metabolite production. The production of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG), a bacterial secondary metabolite with a broad spectrum of antibiotic activity, is a major mechanism used by the soil bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens 2P24 to inhibit the growth of plant pathogens and control disease occurrence. Strain 2P24 has evolved a complex signaling cascade to regulate the production of 2,4-DAPG. However, the role of the central carbon metabolism in modulating 2,4-DAPG production has not been fully determined. In this study, we report that the gltA gene, which encodes citrate synthase, affects the expression of the 2,4-DAPG biosynthesis gene and is essential for the biocontrol capacity of strain 2P24. Our data showed that the mutation of gltA remarkably decreased the biosynthesis of 2,4-DAPG. Consistent with this result, the addition of citrate in strain 2P24 resulted in increased 2,4-DAPG production and decreased levels of RsmA and RsmE. In comparison with the wild-type strain, the gltA mutant was severely impaired in terms of biocontrol activity against the bacterial wilt disease of tomato plants caused by Ralstonia solanacearum. Moreover, the gltA mutant exhibited increased antioxidant activity, and the expression of oxidative, stress-associated genes, including ahpB, katB, and oxyR, was significantly upregulated in the gltA mutant compared to the wild-type strain. Overall, our data indicate that the citrate synthase GltA plays an important role in the production of 2,4-DAPG and oxidative stress and is required for biocontrol capacity.



Pseudomonas fluorescens, 2,4-DAPG, gltA, RsmA/RsmE, biocontrol


Yang, Q., Yan, Q., Zhang, B., Zhang, L. Q., & Wu, X. (2023). Citrate Synthase GltA Modulates the 2, 4-Diacetylphloroglucinol Biosynthesis of Pseudomonas fluorescens 2P24 and is Essential for the Biocontrol Capacity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 71(31), 11892-11901.
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