Bioactivity of Selected Eco-Friendly Pesticides Against Cylas formicarius (Coleoptera:Brentidae)

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Seven low risk pesticides including 1.2% azadirachtin (Azadirachta indica), extracts from Morinda citrifolia, petroleum oil 97%, Beauveria bassiana strain GHA, mixed essential oils (rosemary oil: 0.25%, peppermint oil: 0.25%, thyme oil: 0.25%, clove oil: 0.25% and other ingredients: 99.00%), spinosad and malathion, were evaluated against adults of the sweetpotato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae) to determine potential insecticidal, repellent and feeding deterrence effects. Among the pesticides tested, A. indica and spinosad showed high insecticidal, repellent and feeding deterrence activity against C. formicarius. Spinosad, A. indica and malathion showed significantly higher insecticidal activity against C. formicarius. Similarly, these pesticides showed high repellency activity against adults, particularly 3–4 h after the treatment. The lowest food consumption was observed with the A. indica (0.8 g/adult/192 h), and the highest (9.9 g/adult/192 h) was with the petroleum oil spray. The other tested pesticides showed comparable activities. The chemicals we tested—particularly neem and spinosad—are therefore promising candidates as ecofriendly chemicals that could potentially replace broad-spectrum synthetic neurotoxins for control of C. formicarius.



Plant pathology, Plant sciences


Leng, P.H., and G.V.P. Reddy. 2012. Bioactivity of selected eco-friendly pesticides against the sweetpotato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Brentidae), Florida Entomologist 95: 1040-1047.
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