Preliminary analysis and hanger adjustment of tied arch bridges

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Montana State University - Bozeman, College of Engineering


Preliminary design of a tied arch bridge is complex due to the many possible parameters of the problem. After obtaining a design the minimization of dead load moment is an important consideration. Similarly, obtaining proper tensions in the hangers of a tied arch bridge is very important, to prevent overstressing of the arch. By using matrix structural analysis, the effects of certain parameters upon tied arch behavior are investigated. The parameters include rise to span ratio, hanger spacing, ratio of areas of rib and tie, and ratio of moments of inertia of rib and tie. The geometry of an existing span was used for analysis. The results of the parametric study are portrayed graphically for a range of the parameters. Methods for analysis of dead load moment and hanger tension adjustment are developed. Finally a preliminary design example is considered.




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