Incorporating wildlife passive use values in collision mitigation benefit-cost calculations

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Nevada Department of Transportation


This document is a task report for a larger Wildlife Vehicle Collision (WVC) Reduction and Habitat Connectivity pooled fund study. It addresses the potential use of passive use economic values for wildlife to inform the mitigation of wildlife-vehicle collisions. Passive use, also known as non-use values, are the values individuals place on the existence of a given animal species or population as well as the bequest value of knowing that future generations will also benefit from preserving the species. This report provides a summary of the current literature of wildlife passive use value estimates and provides per-animal passive use values for selected species and populations. Additionally, an example of applying these values to a Montana road segment is outlined. Finally, a discussion of regional economic impacts of mitigation structure spending is outlined.


This work was sponsored by the Nevada Department of Transportation. The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the State of Nevada at the time of publication. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.


Analyses, analysis, animals, bears, benefits, biological,collisions, connectivity, conservation, costs, crashes,decision, desert tortoise, elk, ecology, economics,existence, gray wolf, grizzly bear, habitat, highways,large, mammals, mitigation, monetary, non-use,parameters, passive, population, recreation, reptiles,roads, support, tool, traffic, tortoise, tourism, ungulates, values, view, viewing, wildlife, wolves


Duffield J, Neher C, editors. Final Report 2022: Incorporating wildlife passive use values in collision mitigation benefit-cost calculations. Transportation Pooled Fund Study, TPF-5(358). Nevada Department of Transportation, Carson City, NV.
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