Land management and land-cover change have impacts of similar magnitude on surface temperature

dc.contributor.authorLuyssaert, Sebastiaan
dc.contributor.authorJammet, Mathilde
dc.contributor.authorStoy, Paul C.
dc.contributor.authorEstel, Stephan
dc.contributor.authorPongratz, Julia
dc.contributor.authorCeschia, Eric
dc.contributor.authorChurkina, Galina
dc.contributor.authorDon, A.
dc.contributor.authorErb, K.
dc.contributor.authorFerlicoq, M.
dc.contributor.authorGielen, Bert
dc.contributor.authorGrünwald, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorHoughton, Richard A.
dc.contributor.authorKlumpp, K.
dc.contributor.authorKnohl, A.
dc.contributor.authorKolb, T.
dc.contributor.authorKuemmerle, T.
dc.contributor.authorLaurila, T.
dc.contributor.authorLohila, A.
dc.contributor.authorLoustau, Denis
dc.contributor.authorMeyfroidt, P.
dc.contributor.authorMoors, Eddy J.
dc.contributor.authorNovick, Kimberly A.
dc.contributor.authorOtto, Juliane
dc.contributor.authorPilegaard, Kim
dc.contributor.authorPio, C. A.
dc.contributor.authorRambal, Serge
dc.contributor.authorRebmann, C.
dc.contributor.authorRyder, J.
dc.contributor.authorSuyker, Andrew E.
dc.contributor.authorVarlagin, Andrej B.
dc.contributor.authorWattenbach, M.
dc.contributor.authorDolman, A. J.
dc.description.abstractAnthropogenic changes to land cover (LCC) remain common, but continuing land scarcity promotes the widespread intensification of land management changes (LMC) to better satisfy societal demand for food, fibre, fuel and shelter1. The biophysical effects of LCC on surface climate are largely understood2,3,4,5, particularly for the boreal6 and tropical zones7, but fewer studies have investigated the biophysical consequences of LMC; that is, anthropogenic modification without a change in land cover type. Harmonized analysis of ground measurements and remote sensing observations of both LCC and LMC revealed that, in the temperate zone, potential surface cooling from increased albedo is typically offset by warming from decreased sensible heat fluxes, with the net effect being a warming of the surface. Temperature changes from LMC and LCC were of the same magnitude, and averaged 2 K at the vegetation surface and were estimated at 1.7 K in the planetary boundary layer. Given the spatial extent of land management (42–58% of the land surface) this calls for increasing the efforts to integrate land management in Earth System Science to better take into account the human impact on the climate8.en_US
dc.identifier.citationLuyssaert S, Jammet M, Stoy PC, Estel S, Pongratz J, Ceschia E, Churkina G, Don A, Erb K, Ferlicoq M, Gielen B, Grunwald T, Houghton RA, Klumpp K, Knohl A, Kolb T, Kuemmerle T, Laurila T, Lohila A, Loustau D, Meyfroidt P, Moors EJ, Novick K, Otto J, Pilegaard K, Pio CA, Rambal S, Rebmann C, Ryder J, Suyker AE, Varlagin AB, Wattenbach M, Dolman AJ (2014) Beyond land cover change - Effects of contemporary land management on surface climate. Nature Climate Change 4: 389-393. DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2196.en_US
dc.rightsA government work is generally not subject to copyright in the United States and there is generally no copyright restriction on reproduction, derivative works, distribution, performance, or display of a government work.en_US
dc.titleLand management and land-cover change have impacts of similar magnitude on surface temperatureen_US
mus.citation.journaltitleNature Climate Changeen_US
mus.identifier.categoryLife Sciences & Earth Sciencesen_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Agricultureen_US
mus.relation.departmentLand Resources & Environmental Sciences.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US


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