Metabolomic profiles of cartilage and bone reflect tissue type, radiography-confirmed osteoarthritis, and spatial location within the joint

Abstract

Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic joint disease, characterized by the abnormal remodeling of joint tissues including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. However, there are currently no therapeutic drug targets to slow the progression of disease because disease pathogenesis is largely unknown. Thus, the goals of this study were to identify metabolic differences between articular cartilage and subchondral bone, compare the metabolic shifts in osteoarthritic grade III and IV tissues, and spatially map metabolic shifts across regions of osteoarthritic hip joints. Articular cartilage and subchondral bone from 9 human femoral heads were obtained after total joint arthroplasty, homogenized and metabolites were extracted for liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Metabolomic profiling revealed that distinct metabolic endotypes exist between osteoarthritic tissues, late-stage grades, and regions of the diseased joint. The pathways that contributed the most to these differences between tissues were associated with lipid and amino acid metabolism. Differences between grades were associated with nucleotide, lipid, and sugar metabolism. Specific metabolic pathways such as glycosaminoglycan degradation and amino acid metabolism, were spatially constrained to more superior regions of the femoral head. These results suggest that radiography-confirmed grades III and IV osteoarthritis are associated with distinct global metabolic and that metabolic shifts are not uniform across the joint. The results of this study enhance our understanding of osteoarthritis pathogenesis and may lead to potential drug targets to slow, halt, or reverse tissue damage in late stages of osteoarthritis.

Description

© This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

osteoarthritis, articular cartilage, bone, hip, metabolism

Citation

Welhaven, H. D., Viles, E., Starke, J., Wallace, C., Bothner, B., June, R. K., & Hahn, A. K. (2024). Metabolomic profiles of cartilage and bone reflect tissue type, radiography-confirmed osteoarthritis, and spatial location within the joint. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 149683.
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