Characterization of CpI and CpII [FeFe]-hydrogenases reveals properties contributing to catalytic bias

dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: John W. Petersen
dc.contributor.authorArtz, Jacob Hansenen
dc.contributor.otherDissertation contains two articles of which Jacob Hansen Artz is not the main author.en
dc.contributor.otherDavid W. Mulder, Michael W. Ratzloff, Saroj Poudel, Axl X. LeVan, S. Garrett Williams, Michael W. W. Adams, Anne K. Jones, Eric S. Boyd, Paul W. King and John W. Peters were co-authors of the article, 'Potentiometric EPR spectral deconvolution of CPI [FeFe]-hydrogenase reveals accessory cluster properties' submitted to the journal 'Journal of the American Chemical Society' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherDavid W. Mulder, Michael W. Ratzloff, Saroj Poudel, Axl X. LeVan, Michael W. W. Adams, Eric S. Boyd, Paul W. King, and John W. Peters were co-authors of the article, 'EPR and FTIR spectroscopy provides insights into the mechanism of [FeFe]-hydrogenase CPII' submitted to the journal 'Journal of the American Chemical Society' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-10T19:15:21Z
dc.date.available2018-07-10T19:15:21Z
dc.date.issued2016en
dc.description.abstractThe need for food, fuel, and pharmaceuticals has been increasing at a growing rate as the world's population increases and lifestyles improve. All of these needs are highly energy dependent, and, to a significant degree, rely on an inefficient use of fossil fuels. In order to break free of this dependence, new understanding is required for how to efficiently generate the products humanity needs. Here, a model system of two closely related [FeFe]-hydrogenases, CpI and CpII, is employed in order to understand how biology is able to efficiently control the formation of reduced products, in order to further delineate the limits of control, and the extent to which biology may be co-opted for technological needs. CpI, one of nature's best catalysts for reducing protons to hydrogen gas, is compared to CpII, which functions catalytically to oxidize hydrogen to protons and electrons. Oxygen sensitivity, midpoint potentials, catalytic mechanisms, and catalytic bias are explored in-depth using electron paramagnetic resonance, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, and protein film voltammetry. CpI and CpII have been found to function under different metabolic conditions, and key amino acids influencing their distinct behavior have been identified. The conduit arrays of hydrogenases, which direct electrons to or from the active site, have been found to have distinct midpoint potentials in CpII compared to CpI, effectively reversing the favored electron flow through CpII in comparison to CpI. In order to probe the contributions of the protein framework on catalysis, analysis of site-specific amino acid substituted variants have been used to identify several determinants that affect the H-cluster environment, which contributes to the observed differences between CpI and CpII. This has resulted in a deeper understanding of the hydrogenase model system and the ability to directly influence catalytic bias. Thus, the work presented here represents key progress towards developing unidirectional catalysts, and demonstrates the possibility of targeted, rational design and implementation of unidirectional catalysts.en
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/handle/1/14621en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Letters & Scienceen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2016 by Jacob Hansen Artzen
dc.subject.lcshHydrogenaseen
dc.subject.lcshCatalystsen
dc.subject.lcshElectron paramagnetic resonanceen
dc.subject.lcshElectrochemistryen
dc.subject.lcshOptical spectroscopyen
dc.titleCharacterization of CpI and CpII [FeFe]-hydrogenases reveals properties contributing to catalytic biasen
dc.typeDissertationen
mus.data.thumbpage15en
thesis.degree.committeemembersMembers, Graduate Committee: Joan B. Broderick; Jennifer DuBois; Brian Bothner; Paul King.en
thesis.degree.departmentChemistry & Biochemistry.en
thesis.degree.genreDissertationen
thesis.degree.namePhDen
thesis.format.extentfirstpage1en
thesis.format.extentlastpage240en

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