Pulse crop management to enhance biological nitrogen fixation in the northern Great Plains

dc.contributor.advisorChairperson, Graduate Committee: Clain Jonesen
dc.contributor.authorBaber, Kaleb Wadeen
dc.contributor.otherClain Jones, Perry Miller, Sydney Atencio, Samuel Koeshall and Peggy Lamb were co-authors of the article, 'Lentil nitrogen fixation response to fertilizer and inoculant in the northern Great Plains' submitted to the journal 'Agronomy journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.contributor.otherClain Jones, Kevin McPhee, Perry Miller and Peggy Lamb were co-authors of the article, 'Assessment of nitrogen fixation among pea and lentil varieties in the semiarid northern Great Plains' submitted to the journal 'Agronomy journal' which is contained within this thesis.en
dc.coverage.spatialGreat Plainsen
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-17T19:54:17Z
dc.date.available2022-06-17T19:54:17Z
dc.date.issued2022en
dc.description.abstractPulse crop production has increased dramatically in Montana and the surrounding northern Great Plains over the past few decades. Through N fixation, pulse crops, including pea and lentil, can reduce N fertilizer requirements, both by replacing non N-fixing crops and positively contributing to soil N pools for subsequent crop uptake. Three studies were conducted in Montana over three years to investigate pulse crop management practices that enhance N fixation of pea and lentil. The first study investigated lentil N fixation response to fertilizers and inoculant types. Inoculant and S fertilizer each increased N fixed by lentil in 40% of site-years, but response was not well correlated with cropping history or soil sulfate-S levels. In one site-year, N fixation appeared to continue increasing at the highest tissue S concentration while seed yield plateaued below that highest level, indicating that S fertilizer could increase the soil N benefit of lentil even if a yield response is not expected. Potassium fertilizer nor inoculant type influenced N fixed. The second study assessed differences in N fixation among lentil and pea varieties. Amounts of N fixed varied in 75% and 50% of site-years for lentil and pea, respectively. Differences among varieties were sometimes large, up to 45 kg N ha-1. Two lentil varieties, CDC Richlea and Riveland, were frequently among the top N-fixers, while no pea varieties consistently fixed more N than others. Correlations between N fixed and seed yield ranged from weak to moderate, and pea more frequently had positive relationships than lentil. The third study evaluated N fixation response of two pea varieties to inoculant formulations. Inoculant formulation did not impact N fixed by either variety, and the uninoculated treatment performed as well as the inoculated treatments. This suggests producers may not need to inoculate pulse crops to achieve sufficient N fixation when effective rhizobia populations exist in their fields. These results contribute to the researchers' understanding of N fixation by pulse crops in the region. Together, these studies can help producers in the northern Great Plains better manage pea and lentil, improving both economic and environmental sustainability of the region's cropping systems.en
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/handle/1/16839en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMontana State University - Bozeman, College of Agricultureen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2022 by Kaleb Wade Baberen
dc.subject.lcshLegumesen
dc.subject.lcshRange managementen
dc.subject.lcshNitrogen--Fixationen
dc.subject.lcshFertilizersen
dc.titlePulse crop management to enhance biological nitrogen fixation in the northern Great Plainsen
dc.typeThesisen
mus.data.thumbpage144en
thesis.degree.committeemembersMembers, Graduate Committee: Kevin McPhee; Perry Miller; Catherine A. Zabinskien
thesis.degree.departmentLand Resources & Environmental Sciences.en
thesis.degree.genreThesisen
thesis.degree.nameMSen
thesis.format.extentfirstpage1en
thesis.format.extentlastpage165en

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