Powder Fever and Its Impact on Decision-Making in Avalanche Terrain

dc.contributor.authorMannberg, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorHendrikx, Jordy
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Jerry
dc.contributor.authorHetland, Audun
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-17T19:38:53Z
dc.date.available2022-06-17T19:38:53Z
dc.date.issued2021-09
dc.description.abstractWe examined the effect of emotions, associated with “powder fever”, on decision-making in avalanche terrain. Background: Skiing in avalanche terrain is a voluntary activity that exposes the participant to potentially fatal risk. Impaired decision-making in this context can therefore have devastating results, often with limited prior corrective feedback and learning opportunities. Previous research has suggested that arousal caused by emotions affects risk assessment and intentions to engage in risky behavior. We propose that powder fever may induce similar responses. Methods: We used the following two experimental methods: laboratory studies with visual visceral stimuli (ski movies) and a field study with real stimuli (skiing exciting terrain). We evaluated the effect of emotions on attention, risk assessment, and willingness to expose oneself and others to risk. Results: Both the laboratory studies and the field study showed that skiing-related stimuli had a relatively strong effect on reported emotions. However, we found very few significant effects on decision-making or assessment of risk. Conclusions: Skiing activities make people happier. However, despite the clear parallels to sexual arousal, powder fever does not appear to significantly impair decision-making in our study. More research on the effects of powder fewer on milder forms of risk-taking behavior is needed.en_US
dc.identifier.citationMannberg, A., Hendrikx, J., Johnson, J., & Hetland, A. (2021). Powder fever and its impact on decision-making in avalanche terrain. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(18), 9496.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/handle/1/16835
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.titlePowder Fever and Its Impact on Decision-Making in Avalanche Terrainen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpage9496en_US
mus.citation.extentlastpage9496en_US
mus.citation.issue18en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_US
mus.citation.volume18en_US
mus.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph18189496en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.departmentEarth Sciences.en_US
mus.relation.departmentPolitical Science.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US

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