Cellulose nanocrystal based composites: A review

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Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) have received much attention as renewable, biodegradable, nontoxic, and low-cost nanomaterials with some remarkable properties. Desirable engineering properties of CNC include large surface to volume ratio, high tensile strength (~10 GPa), high stiffness (~110–130 GPa), and high flexibility. They can be chemically modified to tailor their properties for high-end engineering and biomedical applications. Despite their outstanding properties, the wide-scale application is lacking due to their surface characteristics and processing challenges. To achieve their full potential safer extraction methods, improved surface modification and functionalization methods and processing techniques are being researched. This review attempts to access methods for characterizing CNC, and CNC composites as well as their emerging new applications as smart materials. The review is a valuable resource for researchers and scientists working in industry or academia to provide an update on the use of CNC materials and their composites in packaging, biomedical, and high-efficiency energy systems.




Shojaeiarani, Jamileh, Dilpreet S Bajwa, and Saptaparni Chanda. “Cellulose Nanocrystal Based Composites: A Review.” Composites Part C: Open Access 5 (July 2021): 100164. doi:10.1016/j.jcomc.2021.100164.
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