An endophytic Myrothecium inundatum producing volatile organic compounds
Strobel, Gary A.
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Myrothecium inunduatum was isolated as an endophyte from a euphorbeacean herb, Acalypha indica in NE India. This fungus when grown in shake culture produced an abundance of foam. Contained in the foam was a mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) some of which were hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives. The most prevalent compounds were 3-octanone, 3-octanol, and 7-octen-4-ol. Numerous other volatile organic compounds were also produced including many terpenes, organic acids, ketones, and alcohols. The VOCs of this fungus demonstrated growth inhibitory activity against a number of plant pathogenic fungi including Pythium ultimum and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. However, when grown in microaerophilic conditions, the organism produced a number of hydrocarbons of interest as fuel related hydrocarbons including octane and tentatively identified- 1,4- cyclohexadiene, 1-methyl- and cyclohexane, (1-ethylpropyl) and others. An NMR method was used to measure VOC production which peaked at day 15 in a time course experiment. Numerous substrates can serve to support the production of VOCs by this fungus including potato broth and beet pulp extracts.
Banerjee, D. Strobel, G.A. Booth, E., Geary, B., Sears, J., Spakowicz, D., and Busse, S. 2010. An endophytic Myrothecium inundatum producing volatile organic compounds. Mycosphere 3(1): 241-247.