Nesting success of wood-cavity-nesting bees declines with increasing time since wildfire

dc.contributor.authorSimanonok, Michael P.
dc.contributor.authorBurkle, Laura A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-01T15:15:28Z
dc.date.available2020-04-01T15:15:28Z
dc.date.issued2019-10
dc.description.abstractBees require distinct foraging and nesting resources to occur in close proximity. However, spatial and temporal patterns in the availability and quantity of these resources can be affected by disturbances like wildfire. The potential for spatial or temporal separation of foraging and nesting resources is of particular concern for solitary wood‐cavity‐nesting bees as they are central‐place, short‐distance foragers once they have established their nest. Often the importance of nesting resources for bees have been tested by sampling foraging bees as a proxy, and nesting bees have rarely been studied in a community context, particularly postdisturbance. We tested how wood‐cavity‐nesting bee species richness, nesting success, and nesting and floral resources varied across gradients of wildfire severity and time‐since‐burn. We sampled nesting bees via nesting boxes within four wildfires in southwest Montana, USA, using a space‐for‐time substitution chronosequence approach spanning 3–25 years postburn and including an unburned control. We found that bee nesting success and species richness declined with increasing time postburn, with a complete lack of successful bee nesting in unburned areas. Nesting and floral resources were highly variable across both burn severity and time‐since‐burn, yet generally did not have strong effects on nesting success. Our results together suggest that burned areas may provide important habitat for wood‐cavity‐nesting bees in this system. Given ongoing fire regime shifts as well as other threats facing wild bee communities, this work helps provide essential information necessary for the management and conservation of wood‐cavity‐nesting bees.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundation (DEB 1256819)en_US
dc.identifier.citationSimanonok, Michael P., and Laura A. Burkle. “Nesting Success of Wood‐cavity‐nesting Bees Declines with Increasing Time Since Wildfire.” Ecology and Evolution 9, no. 22 (October 2, 2019): 12436–12445. doi:10.1002/ece3.5657.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2045-7758
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.montana.edu/handle/1/15838
dc.rightsCC BY: This license lets you distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon this work, even commercially, as long as you credit the original creator for this work. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcodeen_US
dc.titleNesting success of wood-cavity-nesting bees declines with increasing time since wildfireen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
mus.citation.extentfirstpage12436en_US
mus.citation.extentlastpage12445en_US
mus.citation.issue22en_US
mus.citation.journaltitleEcology and Evolutionen_US
mus.citation.volume9en_US
mus.data.thumbpage5en_US
mus.identifier.doi10.1002/ece3.5657en_US
mus.relation.collegeCollege of Letters & Scienceen_US
mus.relation.departmentEcology.en_US
mus.relation.universityMontana State University - Bozemanen_US

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