Cone production in Pinus albicaulis Forests

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Inland Mountain West Symposium


Whitebark pine cone production was estimated for a 6 to 8 year period in each of 29 stands widespread in.the northern.Rocky Mountains. 1) One-time sampling was possible since the estimate was m2de by multiplying the number of branches perm by an estimate of annual cone production made from counts' of cone lets, mature cones, or cone scars on successively older annual increments of those branches. 2) Average cone production ranged from 0.3 to 3.6 cones·m^-2 ·yr^1 and from 22-270 seeds·m^-2·year^-1 . 3) Regression analysis was used to relate the variance observed to time and place. a) Year-to-year variation in the cone yield of branches, trees, and stands in a region appears to be both internally and externally controlled. Internal control is suggested by the fact that good cone years were usually preceded by poor cone years. While external control is indicated by significant correlations between growth and weather conditions, control is not dominated by the effect of any one factor or any particular developmental stage. b) Although cone production of the average branch varied significantly within 30 percent of the trees and within 48 percent of the stands observed, it did not vary significantly among stands. c) Regressions relating stand cone production to easily measured stand characteristics such as canopy cover, fallen cones, and/or stand size explain no more than 50 percent of the variance among stands.




T Weaver and F Forcella. 1985. Cone production in Pinus albicaulis forests. p. 68-76. IN R. Shearer ed. 1985 Proceedings -Conifer tree seed in the inland mountain west symposium. USDA Gen Tech Report IOONT-203. Missoula, MT. 285 pgs
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