Multi-level Omics Analysis Provides Insight to the Ignicoccus hospitalis-Nanoarchaeum equitans Association


BACKGROUND Studies of interspecies interactions are inherently difficult due to the complex mechanisms which enable these relationships. A model system for studying interspecies interactions is the marine hyperthermophiles Ignicoccus hospitalis and Nanoarchaeum equitans. Recent independently-conducted 'omics' analyses have generated insights into the molecular factors modulating this association. However, significant questions remain about the nature of the interactions between these archaea. METHODS We jointly analyzed multiple levels of omics datasets obtained from published, independent transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics analyses. DAVID identified functionally-related groups enriched when I. hospitalis is grown alone or in co-culture with N. equitans. Enriched molecular pathways were subsequently visualized using interaction maps generated using STRING. RESULTS Key findings of our multi-level omics analysis indicated that I. hospitalis provides precursors to N. equitans for energy metabolism. Analysis indicated an overall reduction in diversity of metabolic precursors in the I. hospitalis-N. equitans co-culture, which has been connected to the differential use of ribosomal subunits and was previously unnoticed. We also identified differences in precursors linked to amino acid metabolism, NADH metabolism, and carbon fixation, providing new insights into the metabolic adaptions of I. hospitalis enabling the growth of N. equitans. CONCLUSIONS This multi-omics analysis builds upon previously identified cellular patterns while offering new insights into mechanisms that enable the I. hospitalis-N. equitans association. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE Our study applies statistical and visualization techniques to a mixed-source omics data set to yield a more global insight into a complex system, that was not readily discernable from separate omics studies.




Rawle, Rachel A. , Timothy Hamerly, Brian P. Tripet, Richard J. Giannone, Louie Wurch, Robert L. Hettich, Mircea Podar, Valerie Copie, and Brian Bothner. "Multi-level Omics Analysis Provides Insight to the Ignicoccus hospitalis-Nanoarchaeum equitans Association." Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects 1861, no. 9 (June 2017): 2218-2227. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2017.06.001.
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