Light scattering from (K0.5Na0.5)0.2(Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6 with the tungsten bronze structure: An analogy with relaxor ferroelectrics


The Brillouin and Raman scattering from a complex single crystal from the tungsten–bronze family, (K0.5Na0.5)0.2(Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6(K0.5Na0.5)0.2(Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6 doped with Cu2+Cu2+ (KNSBN:Cu), have been comparatively studied in a wide temperature range around the ferroelectric transition. Step-like anomalies in hypersonic velocity and damping confirm the first-order structural transition. These anomalies look like some perturbations on the high-temperature slopes of both a broad dip in sound velocity and a broad maximum in damping that develop in a wide temperature range. The acoustic behavior of KNSBN:Cu does not simply follow the Landau theory prediction valid for many ferroelectrics. Instead it resembles that of relaxors, to which the KNSBN:Cu behavior is analogous intrinsically. The total intensity of the Raman spectra as well as the intensity of separate internal and external vibrations and their width correlate with acoustic anomalies, namely there are step-like drops at the same temperature as the first-order transition and a broad range where the intensity is drastically increased. All these broad anomalies imply the existence of a wide preceding phase in respect to the relaxor ferroelectric state. Unusual properties of this preceding phase are discussed as well as the phase diagram relation to the dynamical evolution of other relaxors from the perovskite family, such as PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3 and Na1/2Ba1/2TiO3.




I.G. Siny, S.G. Lushnikov, S.I. Siny, V.H. Schmidt, A.A. Savvinov, and R.S. Katiyar, “Light scattering from (K0.5Na0.5)0.2(Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6 with the tungsten bronze structure: An analogy with relaxor ferroelectrics,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 1671-1678 (2001).
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