DIISC-I: The Discovery of Kinematically Anomalous H i Clouds in M 100


We report the discovery of two kinematically anomalous atomic hydrogen (H i) clouds in M 100 (NGC 4321), which was observed as part of the Deciphering the Interplay between the Interstellar medium, Stars, and the Circumgalactic medium (DIISC) survey in H i 21 cm at 3.3 km s−1 spectroscopic and 44″ × 30″ spatial resolution using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. 15 15 The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. These clouds were identified as structures that show significant kinematic offsets from the rotating disk of M 100. The velocity offsets of 40 km s−1 observed in these clouds are comparable to the offsets seen in intermediate-velocity clouds (IVCs) in the circumgalactic medium (CGM) of the Milky Way and nearby galaxies. We find that one anomalous cloud in M 100 is associated with star-forming regions detected in Hα and far-ultraviolet imaging. Our investigation shows that anomalous clouds in M 100 may originate from multiple mechanisms, such as star formation feedback-driven outflows, ram pressure stripping, and tidal interactions with satellite galaxies. Moreover, we do not detect any cool CGM at 38.8 kpc from the center of M 100, giving an upper limit of N(H i) ≤1.7 × 1013 cm−2 (3σ). Since M 100 is in the Virgo cluster, the nonexistence of neutral/cool CGM is a likely pathway for turning it into a red galaxy.



DIISC-I, kinematically anomalous clouds, interstellar clouds, interstellar medium, virgo cluster


Gim, Hansung B., Sanchayeeta Borthakur, Emmanuel Momjian, Mansi Padave, Rolf A. Jansen, Dylan Nelson, Timothy M. Heckman et al. "DIISC-I: The Discovery of Kinematically Anomalous H i Clouds in M 100." The Astrophysical Journal 922, no. 1 (2021): 69.
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