Electric field- and temperature-induced phase transitions in high-strain relaxor-based ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)1-xTixO3 single crystals


As a review, we compare results in electric-field- and temperature-induced phase transitions for four Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)1 - xTixO3(PMNT-x) single crystals, namely (001)-cut PMNT-x (x = 24%, 33%, and 40%) and (111)-cut PMNT-33%. Dielectric properties and domain states were measured as functions of temperature and electric field. The hysteresis loops of polarization versus electric field at room temperature were also measured. The intermediate monoclinic phases are essential in bridging higher symmetries while the electric-field- or temperature-induced transitions are taking place. Whether or not a monodomain state can be induced by a dc electric field strongly depends on crystallographic orientation, PbTiO3 content, and temperature.




R. R. Chien , V. Hugo Schmidt , C.-S. Tu , F.-T. Wang , I.-C. Shih , L.-W. Hung & H. Luo (2007) Electric Field- and Temperature-Induced Phase Transitions in High-Strain Relaxor-Based Ferroelectric Pb(Mg1 /3Nb2/3)1 - xTixO3 Single Crystals, Ferroelectrics, 359:1, 99-110, DOI: 10.1080/00150190701515055
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