Brillouin and Raman spectra anomalies in KNSBN with the tungsten bronze structure


The Brillouin and Raman scattering from a complex single crystal from the tungsten-bronze family, (K0.5Na0.5)0.2(Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6 doped with Cu2+ (KNSBN:Cu), have been comparatively studied in a wide temperature range around the ferroelectric transition. Step-like anomalies in hypersonic velocity and damping confirm the first-order structural transition. These anomalies look like some perturbations on the high-temperature slopes of both a broad dip in sound velocity and a broad maximum in damping that develop in a wide temperature range. The acoustic behavior of KNSBN:Cu does not simply follow the Landau theory prediction valid for many ferroelectrics except relaxors, to which the KNSBN:Cu behavior is intrinsically analogous. The total intensity of the Raman spectra as well as the intensity of separate internal and external vibrations and their width correlate with acoustic anomalies, namely there are step-like drops at the same temperature of the first-order transition and a broad range where the intensity is drastically increased.




I.G. Siny, S.G. Lushnikov, S.I. Siny, V.H. Schmidt, A.A. Savvinov, and R.S. Katiyar, “Brillouin and Raman spectra anomalies in KNSBN with the tungsten bronze structure,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 28, 95-102 (2000).
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